Materials and Structures

, Volume 49, Issue 12, pp 5169–5181 | Cite as

Influence of steel–concrete interface defects induced by top-casting on development of chloride-induced corrosion in RC beams under sustained loading

  • Linwen Yu
  • Raoul François
  • Richard Gagné
Original Article


This paper discusses the effect of defects in a steel–concrete interface under horizontal top-cast steel bars on the development of corrosion in reinforced concrete beams under sustained loading exposed to a chloride environment. The work was based on four beams exposed to climate accelerated natural corrosion for 29 months. The corrosion-induced cracking patterns were drawn after 8 and 24 months of exposure to the chloride environment, and cracking maps with crack widths were recorded at 29 months. The experimental results show that corrosion-induced cracks always developed much more quickly along the top-cast steel bars due to the existence of top-casting-induced defects. Such defects formed at the steel–concrete interface under horizontal top-cast bars due to bleeding, segregation and settlement of fresh concrete, and they were favorable to both initiation and propagation of corrosion.


Corrosion Chloride Defects Steel–concrete interface Load-induced damage 


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Copyright information

© RILEM 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université de Toulouse, UPS, INSA, LMDCToulouseFrance
  2. 2.Université de SherbrookeQuébecCanada

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