Materials and Structures

, Volume 49, Issue 8, pp 3227–3238 | Cite as

Feasible use of biomass bottom ash in the manufacture of cement treated recycled materials

  • M. Cabrera
  • F. Agrela
  • J. Ayuso
  • A. P. Galvin
  • J. Rosales
Original Article


A focus on environmental sustainability during the last decade has led to greater use of recycled aggregates to reduce the exploitation of existing reserves. In addition, environmentally consciousness has led to an increased use of renewable energy. Biomass is an important source of energy, and it also leads to high generation of waste products from biomass combustion. Previous studies have investigated the use of recycled aggregates from construction and demolition in road bases and sub-bases with positive results. This paper aims to study the feasibility of incorporating biomass bottom ash produced in the combustion process mixed with natural aggregates and recycled aggregates for use in civil engineering. The analysis of the mechanical properties was positive, showing the ability to use biomass bottom ash mixed with natural or recycled aggregates in specified ratios. Valuing biomass bottom ash can reduce waste generation and may lead to economic and environmental benefits.


Waste management Bottom ash Biomass Civil infrastructures Recycled aggregates 



The present work is a result of the project “PROPERTY STUDY FROM RECYCLED AGGREGATE AND RAP AND EB RCD, APPLICATION TO LINEAR INFRASTRUCTURE” IPT-2011-1658-310000, conducted in cooperation with the Sacyr Building company and University of Cordoba, and is funded by the Ministry of Science and Innovation and the European Union through the “Operational Programme I + D + i by and for the benefit of businesses (Technology Fund)” and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) within the INNPACTO 2011 program. Special thanks to Antonio Ramírez and M. Dolores Carvajal for their help in the realization of this project.


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Copyright information

© RILEM 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Cabrera
    • 1
  • F. Agrela
    • 1
  • J. Ayuso
    • 1
  • A. P. Galvin
    • 1
  • J. Rosales
    • 1
  1. 1.Area of Construction EngineeringUniversity of CordobaCórdobaSpain

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