Materials and Structures

, Volume 47, Issue 12, pp 2081–2100 | Cite as

Mechanical behaviour of FRP-confined masonry by testing of full-scale columns

  • F. Micelli
  • M. Di Ludovico
  • A. Balsamo
  • G. Manfredi
Original Article


The vulnerability of masonry constructions under seismic forces, or more generally under the mechanical actions during the centuries, has been highlighted in the last years by several events that caused the loss of significant heritage buildings. Faced with this difficulty, the use of composite materials, fiber reinforced polymers (FRP) may be a solution for mitigating the vulnerability of masonry buildings. This solution has been tested in the laboratory by researchers in the last decade. In particular, studies regarding elements such as walls, arches and vaults, strengthened with FRP materials are available. A few numbers of studies are known for columns, which have been tested only as small or middle scale samples. The current state of the art does not report studies on FRP-confined masonry columns tested in real scale. The research presents the results of an experimental program performed on full-scale masonry columns strengthened with different composite systems. The same kind of study had been previously performed by the authors on medium scale masonry columns, using the same materials for both the masonry core and for the FRP system. Prismatic columns with a square cross section were subjected to compression tests according to the following test schemes: two control unconfined columns; column with continuous wrapping by using unidirectional glass FRP (GFRP) sheets; column with discontinuous wrapping by using GFRP unidirectional sheets; column with continuous GFRP wrapping and internal carbon FRP bars bonded in the transverse directions; column wrapped with continuous alkali resistant GFRP grid and steel spikes bonded together in lime based matrix. The experimental results are presented and discussed in the paper along with the comparison with the results obtained from the experimental tests on medium scale specimens. The comparison between experimental data and theoretical predictions provided by the analytical model found in the guidelines of the CNR technical document is also illustrated.


Masonry Columns Confinement Experimental tests Real scale 



This study was performed in the framework of PE 2010–2013; joint program DPC-ReLUIS. The materials used for strengthening the specimens discussed in this paper have been provided by Mapei, Spa, Milan.


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Copyright information

© RILEM 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Micelli
    • 1
  • M. Di Ludovico
    • 2
  • A. Balsamo
    • 2
  • G. Manfredi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Innovation EngineeringUniversity of SalentoLecceItaly
  2. 2.Department of Structures for Engineering and ArchitectureUniversity of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly

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