Advertisement

Materials and Structures

, Volume 47, Issue 8, pp 1339–1358 | Cite as

Mechanistic evaluation of cracking in in-service asphalt pavements

  • Hong Joon Park
  • Mehran Eslaminia
  • Y. Richard Kim
Original Article

Abstract

Cracking in asphalt pavements is a complex problem that is affected by pavement structural design, material properties, and environmental conditions. It is now well accepted that load-related top-down fatigue cracking (i.e., cracking that initiates at the surface of the pavement and propagates downward) commonly occurs in asphalt pavements. Conventional fracture mechanics-based finite element analysis must assume the location of macrocrack initiation a priori and, therefore, is not appropriate for general-purpose cracking simulation. This paper presents the use of the layered viscoelastic pavement analysis for critical distresses (LVECD) program to evaluate 18 pavements in local condition regions of 9 in-service pavement sites in North Carolina. In order to obtain the material properties of the individual layers from the field-extracted cores, dynamic modulus tests and simplified viscoelastic continuum damage tests are performed using small geometry specimens obtained from 150 mm diameter cores. This study verifies the capability of the LVECD model to capture crack initiation locations, propagation propensity, and cracking severity by comparing the simulation results with the observations of field cores and the field condition survey of in-service pavements in North Carolina. Overall, the agreement rate between the field core observations and field condition survey and the predicted LVECD simulation results is about 78 % in terms of cracking direction and severity.

Keywords

Asphalt pavement Top-down cracking Bottom-up cracking Layered viscoelastic pavement analysis for critical distresses (LVECD) program 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the North Carolina Department of Transportation under project NCDOT HWY-2010-01.

References

  1. 1.
    Baek CM (2010) Investigation of Top-Down Cracking Mechanisms Using the Viscoelastic Continuum Damage Finite Element Program. Ph.D. Dissertation, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NCGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chabot A, Chupin O, Lydie D, Denis D (2010) Viscoroute 2.0: a tool for the simulation of moving load effects on asphalt pavement. Road Mater Pavement Des 11(2):227–250Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    DeBeer M, Fisher C, Jooste FJ (1997) Determination of pneumatic tyre/pavement interface contact stress under moving loads and some effect on pavements with thin asphalt surfacing layers. In: 8th International Conference on Asphalt Pavements, Vol. 1, University of Washington, Seattle, pp 179–227Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Eslaminia M, Guddati MN (2011) Fourier-finite element analysis for pavement performance modelling. In: 11th US National Congress on Computational Mechanics, Minneapolis, MN, July 25–29Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Eslaminia M, Thirunavukkarasu S, Guddati MN, Kim YR (2012) Accelerated pavement performance modeling using layered viscoelastic analysis. In: Proceedings of the 7th International RILEM Conference on Cracking in Pavements, Delft, The Netherlands, pp 20–22Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hopman PC (1996) The Visco-Elastic Multilayer Program VEROAD. HERON, 41 (1)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Huang YH (2003) Pavement analysis and design, 2nd edn. Prentice Hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jackson N, Puccinelli J (2006) Long-term pavement performance (LTPP) data analysis support: National Pooled Fund Study TPF-5(013)-Effect of Multiple Freeze Cycles and Deep Frost Penetration on Pavement performance and Cost. Publication FHWA-HRT-06-121. FHWA, U.S. Department of TransportationGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kim YR, Guddati MN, Underwood BS, Yun TY, Subramanian V, Savadatti S (2009) Development of A Multiaxial Viscoelastoplastic Continuum Damage Model for Asphalt Mixtures. Publication FHWA-HRT-08-073. FHWA, U.S. Department of TransportationGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kutay ME, Gibson NH, Youtcheff J, Dongre R (2009) Use of small samples to predict fatigue lives of field cores: newly developed formulation based on viscoelastic continuum damage theory. Transportation Research Record. J Transp Res Board, No. 2127, National Research Council, Washington, DC, pp 90–97Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Li X, Gibson NH (2013) Using small scale specimens for AMPT dynamic modulus and fatigue tests. J Assoc Asph Paving Technol 82:579–615Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Matsuno S, Nishizawa T (1992) Mechanism of longitudinal surface cracking of asphalt pavement. In: 7th International Conference on Asphalt Pavements, Vol. 2, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom, pp 277–291Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Park HJ, Kim YR (2013) Investigation into the top-down cracking of Asphalt pavements in North Carolina. Transportation Research Record, No. 2368, Nartional Research Council, Washington, DC, pp 45–55Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Park HJ (2013) Investigation of primary causes of load-related cracking in asphalt concrete pavement in North Carolina. Ph.D. Dissertation, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NCGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Perdomo D, Nokes B (1993) Theoretical analysis of the effects of wide-base tires on flexible pavement using circly. Transportation Research Record, No. 1388, National Research Council, Washington, DC, pp 108–119Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Underwood BS, Heidari AH, Guddati MN, Kim YR (2005) Experimental investigation of anisotropy in asphalt concrete. Transportation Research Record, No. 1929, National Research Council, Washington, DC, pp 238–247Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Underwood BS, Kim YR, Savadatti S, Thirunavukkarasu S, Guddati MN (2009) Response and fatigue performance modeling of ALF pavements using 3-D finite element analysis and a simplified viscoelastic continuum damage model. J Assoc Asphalt Paving Technol 78:829–868Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Underwood BS, Eslaminia M, Thirunavukkarasu S, Guddati MN, Kim YR (2010). Asphalt Concrete Pavement Response and Fatigue Performance Modeling using Advanced Techniques. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Asphalt Pavements, ISAP, Nagoya, Japan, AugustGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    3D-Move Analysis Software—Version 2.1 (2013) University of Nevada, Reno, NevadaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© RILEM 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong Joon Park
    • 1
  • Mehran Eslaminia
    • 1
  • Y. Richard Kim
    • 1
  1. 1.North Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

Personalised recommendations