Materials and Structures

, Volume 46, Issue 9, pp 1415–1427 | Cite as

Review and discussion of polymer action on alkali–silica reaction

  • João Feiteira
  • João Custódio
  • Maria Sofia Sousa Ribeiro
Original Article
  • 454 Downloads

Abstract

This paper compares the factors known to influence the deleterious alkali–silica reaction in concrete with the properties that polymers tend to modify in cementitious materials. A discussion on the potential ASR-influencing mechanisms of polymer additions is provided, along with a critical review of the existing literature on the subject. The influence of the potentially significant differences in mechanical properties and sorptivity between polymer-modified and unmodified cementitious materials on the expansion results of alkali reactivity tests is also discussed. According to the available results, the influence of polymers on ASR-related expansion seems to depend on both polymer type and dosage, suggesting the existence of concurrent, not yet well understood mechanisms by which polymers may influence ASR-related expansion. As polymer modification of cementitious materials can lead to significantly lower modulus of elasticity, higher tensile strength and resistance to microcracking, it is suggested that further research on the subject includes not only expansion tests but also an assessment of the resistance of polymer-modified cementitious materials to ASR-related damage, the main concern due to this deleterious phenomena.

Keywords

Concrete Mortar Polymers Alkali–silica reaction 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the financial support from FCT—Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia of the Portuguese Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education given to the research project PTDC/ECM/101810/2008—Polymer-modified CM for the Repair of Concrete Structures.

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Copyright information

© RILEM 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • João Feiteira
    • 1
  • João Custódio
    • 1
  • Maria Sofia Sousa Ribeiro
    • 1
  1. 1.Concrete Division, Materials DepartmentLaboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil (LNEC)LisbonPortugal

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