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Materials and Structures

, Volume 43, Supplement 1, pp 73–90 | Cite as

Deflections of concrete beams reinforced with FRP bars

Original Article

Abstract

The aim of this study is to experimentally and theoretically investigate the flexural behavior of concrete beams reinforced with fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) bars. In this research, three types of experiments were made. First, the tensile properties of FRP and steel bars were tested, then the bond-slip behavior between bars and concrete was tested on standard specimens and, in the end, three series of concrete beams reinforced with GFRP, CFRP and steel bars were tested up to failure. The theoretical model for calculating deflections was developed, which included bond-slip behavior of FRP bars. The theoretical results were compared to the test results of beam deflections, as well to deflection results obtained by theoretical models developed by other authors.

Keywords

Concrete beams FRP bars Bond-slip behavior Cracks Deflections 

List of symbols

1/rc

Curvature of concrete part of cross section

1/rf

Curvature of cross section due to FRP reinforcement

Af1

Area of tensile FRP reinforcement

b

Width of concrete beam

d

Effective depth of the cross section

d1

Distance between tensile reinforcement and tensile edge of the cross section

Ef

Modulus of elasticity of FRP reinforcement

Fc

Compressive force in concrete

Fct

Tensile force in concrete

Ff1

Tensile force in FRP reinforcement

Fs2

Compressive force in FRP reinforcement (if applicable)

h

Depth of the concrete beam

Mcr

Cracking moment of the concrete member cross section

MSd

Design value of the bending moment for which deflection is being calculated (EC2)

M(x)

Bending moment in cross section at the distance x from beam support

y1d

Distance between the neutral axis and the lower edge of cross section in stress state I

y1g

Distance between the neutral axis and the upper edge of cross section in stress state I

z

Lever arm

z1

Distance between tensile reinforcement and compressive force in cross section

εc

Tensile strain of concrete at the reinforcement level

εct

Tensile strain of concrete at the tensile edge of cross section

εc2

Tensile strain of concrete at the compressive edge of cross section

εf1

Tensile strain of FRP reinforcement

εfailure

Strain of steel bar at failure

εmax

Maximum strain of steel bar

εyl

Strain at lower yielding stress

εyu

Strain at upper yielding stress

ρf

FRP reinforcement ratio (tensile reinforcement)

ρfb

FRP reinforcement ratio producing balanced strain conditions

σ02

Stress of the steel bars with permanent strain of 0.2%

σct

Tensile stress in concrete at tensile edge of cross section

σf1

Tensile stress of FRP reinforcement

σfailure

Stress of steel bar at failure

σmax

Maximum stress of steel bar

σyl

Lower yielding stress

σyu

Upper yielding stress

Notes

Acknowledgments

Special thanks to companies “Armirac” and “Viadukt” for making reinforcement and concrete specimens, to Civil Engineering Institute—Zagreb and the Department for Technical Mechanics of Civil Engineering Faculty at the University of Zagreb for specimens testing. The investigations described herein have been done within the frame of the research project No. 0082203 “Application of non-metal materials in concrete structures” which has been supported by a grant from the Ministry of Science, Education and Sport of the Republic of Croatia. All supports have been gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© RILEM 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Civil EngineeringUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia

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