Materials and Structures

, Volume 42, Issue 5, pp 605–615 | Cite as

Physical properties of cement composites designed for aerostatic bearings

  • T. H. Panzera
  • P. H. R. Borges
  • J. Campos Rubio
  • C. R. Bowen
  • W. L. Vasconcelos
Original Article


This paper investigates the physical properties of cement composites based on ordinary Portland cement (OPC) and silica particles as a potential material for porous aerostatic bearings for precision engineering applications. A full factorial design (2241) was carried out to study the effects of silica properties (size and geometry) and uniaxial pressure (10 and 30 MPa) on the composite properties, namely bulk density, apparent porosity and intrinsic permeability of the ceramic composites. Scatter graphs were plotted to identify the existence of significant correlations between parameters. The cementitious composite manufactured with small silica particles, non-spherical shape and low level of compaction pressure exhibited the most appropriate properties for the proposed application. In addition, mathematical models obtained from the response-correlation plots are potentially important tools for the development and design of new composites for porous bearing applications.


Cementitious composites Aerostatic porous bearings Mechanical properties Full experimental design, precision engineering 



The authors would like to thank the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Bath, UK, and also the Department of Civil and Structural Engineering at the University of Sheffield, UK, for their support with the laboratory techniques. This project was funded by Capes, the Brazilian Ministry of Education Agency, to which the authors would also like to acknowledge.


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Copyright information

© RILEM 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. H. Panzera
    • 1
  • P. H. R. Borges
    • 2
  • J. Campos Rubio
    • 1
  • C. R. Bowen
    • 3
  • W. L. Vasconcelos
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringFederal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG)Belo HorizonteBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Engineering MaterialsUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  3. 3.Materials Research Centre, Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of BathBathUK
  4. 4.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringFederal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG)Belo HorizonteBrazil

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