Materials and Structures

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 419–430 | Cite as

The resistance of compressed spun concrete members reinforced by high-strength steel bars

Original Article


The expediency of using precast spun concrete columns and other members of annular cross sections reinforced by high-strength steel bars is discussed. Test material properties and production, curing and testing procedures, response factors and ultimate compressive stresses of plain and reinforced spun concrete specimens are presented. The strength and strain features of compressed tubular reinforced concrete members are considered. Modeling of a bearing capacity of eccentrically loaded members of annular cross sections is based on the concepts of bending with an concentrical force and compression with a bending moment. The comparison of modeling and test data of concentrically and eccentrically loaded members is analysed.


Spun concrete High-strength steel Tubular members Eccentric loading Compression test 


Ac and As

Cross-sectional areas of concrete and reinforcement sections

Ec and Es

Moduli of elasticity of concrete and reinforcement


Applied total bending moment


Resisting bending moment


Applied total compressive force


Quasi-permanent compressive force


Resisting compressive force


Outer diameter of annular cross sections


First order eccentricity

e = e0η

Second order eccentricity


Sustained strength of concrete

fc and fcm

Cylinder (compressive) strength of concrete and its mean value


Compressive strength of spun concrete hollow cylinders


Compressive strength of spun concrete in reinforced members

fst and fsc

Conventional strengths of reinforcement in tension and compression


Height of tubular specimens


Compressive strength of spun concrete in tubular members


Prism strength of concrete


0.2% proof-stress of reinforcement

kc and ks

Efficiency factors for compressive concrete and reinforcement sections


Factor of a quasi-permanent load effect


Conversion factor of a hollow cylinder effect

r1 and r2

Radii of annular cross section circles


Radius of the reinforcement circle

t = r2r1

Thickness of annular cross sections


Coefficient of variation


Partial safety factor


Compressive strain in the concrete at the peak stress f c1

ɛc2 and ɛc3

Compressive strains in the concrete at the peak stress f c2 by typical and bi-linear stress-strain relations

ɛ′cu and ɛcu

Ultimate compressive strains in the concrete adjacent with steel bars of concentrically and eccentrically loaded columns

ɛ′s and ɛs

Ultimate compressive steel strains of concentrically and eccentrically loaded columns


Factor of second order moment effect


Parameter which contains model uncertainties


Additional angle of the compression zone

ρ = As/Ac

Reinforcement ratio

σ′sc and σsc

Ultimate compressive steel stresses of concentrically and eccentrically loaded columns


Angle of the total compression zone


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Copyright information

© RILEM has copyright 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vilnius Gediminas Technical UniversityVilniusLithuania
  2. 2.KTU Institute of Architecture and ConstructionKaunasLithuania

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