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Carbon textile reinforced concrete: materials and structural analysis

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Abstract

Textile reinforced concrete (TRC) is a composite made of a cementitious matrix and non-corrosive fabrics with excellent mechanical behavior and elevated load-bearing capacity. Therefore, TRC is highly recommended for structural applications. Due to the reinforcement’s non-corrosive property, this material is interesting in replacing the reinforced concrete (RC). This work presents a study on the characterization of carbon TRCs under tensile and bending loadings. Direct tensile tests were performed and the effect of the polymeric coating used on the fabric manufacturing, the number of layers and an epoxy resin and sand coating was analyzed. The results showed that the composites mechanical behavior depends mainly on the reinforcement-matrix bond. In order to evaluate the fabric-matrix interface, pull-out tests were carried on. The TRC potential as a structural application is also addressed. Thus, structural beams reinforced with carbon TRC with and without dispersed steel fibers on the matrix were submitted to bending. Compared with RC, the TRC beams presented less ductile behavior. Nevertheless, the current standards for the concrete structures design establish a maximum element displacement of span/250. At this level, the load–displacement curves of TRC and RC beams were coincident, and the applied load was considerably distant from the failure load.

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Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the CNPq and CAPES (Brazilian National Science Foundations) for partial financial support for this work and Solidian GmbH for the donation of the EPX carbon fabric.

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Correspondence to Flávio de Andrade Silva.

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Mansur de Castro Silva, R., de Andrade Silva, F. Carbon textile reinforced concrete: materials and structural analysis. Mater Struct 53, 17 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-020-1448-4

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Keywords

  • Carbon textile reinforced concrete
  • Direct tensile tests
  • Pull-out tests
  • TRC structural application