Advertisement

Materials and Structures

, 52:80 | Cite as

Experimental investigation on the bond strength between sustainable road bio-binders and aggregate substrates

  • Lorenzo Paolo IngrassiaEmail author
  • Fabrizio Cardone
  • Francesco Canestrari
  • Xiaohu Lu
Original Article
  • 40 Downloads

Abstract

Interest is growing on the application of bio-binders in road pavements. However, currently there is a lack of data concerning the adhesion between bio-binders and aggregates, which is a crucial aspect to ensure adequate performance and durability of bituminous mixtures, especially in the presence of water. In this regard, the present investigation focuses on the evaluation of the binder bond strength (BBS) between bio-binders, characterized by different percentages of a renewable wood bio-oil and different aging levels, and aggregate substrates (limestone and porphyry), in dry and wet conditions. Preliminarily, the binders were subjected to viscosity tests to determine BBS application temperatures. The main results show that the bio-binders studied exhibit a good adhesion with limestone both in dry and wet conditions as well as with porphyry in dry conditions, resulting in cohesive failures. For porphyry substrate, after wet conditioning, a progressive transition from adhesive to cohesive failures is observed as the bio-oil content increases, indicating that the bio-oil might improve the adhesion between bitumen and siliceous aggregates. Based on previous findings on the chemical characteristics of the bio-binders, the contribution of the bio-oil to the adhesion may be attributed to its high content of esters. Overall, the results suggest that the use of bio-binders in road pavements could lead to significant benefits in terms of performance and resistance to moisture damage.

Keywords

Bio-binders Wood bio-oils BBS test Adhesion and cohesion Moisture damage 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

References

  1. 1.
    Roberts FL, Kandhal PS, Brown ER, Lee D-Y, Kennedy TW (1996) Hot mix asphalt materials, mixture design, and construction, 2nd edn. National Center for Asphalt Technology, LanhamGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kanitpong K, Bahia HU (2005) Relating adhesion and cohesion of asphalts to the effect of moisture on laboratory performance of asphalt mixtures. Transp Res Rec 1901:33–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tarrer AR, Wagh V (1991) The effect of the physical and chemical characteristics of the aggregate on bonding. SHRP-A/UIR-91-507. Strategic Highway Research Program, National Research Council, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Taylor MA, Khosla NP (1983) Stripping of asphalt pavements: state of the art. Transp Res Rec 911:150–158Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kandhal PS (1994) Field and laboratory investigation of stripping in asphalt pavements: state of the art report. Transp Res Rec 1454:36–47Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bhasin A, Masad E, Little DN, Lytton R (2006) Limits on adhesive bond energy for improved resistance of hot-mix asphalt to moisture damage. Transp Res Rec 1970:3–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bhasin A, Little DN, Vasconcelos KL, Masad E (2007) Surface free energy to identify moisture sensitivity of materials for asphalt mixes. Transp Res Rec 2001:37–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tan Y, Guo M (2013) Using surface free energy method to study the cohesion and adhesion of asphalt mastic. Constr Build Mater 47:254–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    EN 12697-11 (2012) Bituminous mixtures—test methods for hot mix asphalt—part 11: determination of the affinity between aggregate and bitumenGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Porot L, Besamusca J, Soenen H, Apeagyei A, Grenfell J, Sybilski D (2016) Bitumen/aggregate affinity—rilem round robin test on rolling bottle test. RILEM Bookser 11:153–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    EN 12697-12 (2018) Bituminous mixtures—test methods—part 12: determination of the water sensitivity of bituminous specimensGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Canestrari F, Cardone F, Graziani A, Santagata FA, Bahia HU (2010) Adhesive and cohesive properties of asphalt–aggregate systems subjected to moisture damage. Road Mater Pavement Des 11(Suppl. 1):11–32.  https://doi.org/10.1080/14680629.2010.9690325 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kanitpong K, Bahia HU (2003) Role of adhesion and thin film tackiness of asphalt binders in moisture damage of HMA. J Assoc Asphalt Paving Technol 72:502–528Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    AASHTO T 361 (2016) Standard method of test for determining asphalt binder bond strength by means of the binder bond strength (BBS) testGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Moraes R, Velasquez R, Bahia HU (2011) Measuring the effect of moisture on asphalt–aggregate bond with the bitumen bond strength test. Transp Res Rec 2209:70–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chaturabong P, Bahia HU (2018) Effect of moisture on the cohesion of asphalt mastics and bonding with surface of aggregates. Road Mater Pavement Des 19(3):741–753.  https://doi.org/10.1080/14680629.2016.1267659 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Graziani A, Virgili A, Cardone F (2018) Testing the bond strength between cold bitumen emulsion composites and aggregate substrate. Mater Struct 51:14.  https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-018-1139-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ingrassia LP, Lu X, Ferrotti G, Canestrari F (2019) Renewable materials in bituminous binders and mixtures: speculative pretext or reliable opportunity? Resour Conserv Recycl 144:209–222.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2019.01.034 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Brundtland GH (1987) Our common future. Report of the world commission on environment and development. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Geissdoerfer M, Savaget P, Bocken NMP, Hultink EJ (2017) The circular economy—a new sustainability paradigm? J Clean Prod 143:757–768.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.12.048 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Bearsley SR, Haverkamp RG (2007) Adhesive properties of tall oil pitch modified bitumen. Road Mater Pavement Des 8(3):449–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yang X, Mills-Beale J, You Z (2017) Chemical characterization and oxidative aging of bio-asphalt and its compatibility with petroleum asphalt. J Clean Prod 142:1837–1847.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.11.100 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yang X, You Z (2015) High temperature performance evaluation of bio-oil modified asphalt binders using the DSR and MSCR tests. Constr Build Mater 76:380–387.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.11.063 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Xu G, Wang H, Zhu H (2017) Rheological properties and anti-aging performance of asphalt binder modified with wood lignin. Constr Build Mater 151:801–808.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.06.151 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Yang X, You Z, Mills-Beale J (2015) Asphalt binders blended with a high percentage of biobinders: aging mechanism using FTIR and rheology. J Mater Civ Eng.  https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)mt.1943-5533.0001117 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gong M, Zhu H, Pauli T, Yang J, Wei J, Yao Z (2017) Evaluation of bio-binder modified asphalt’s adhesion behavior using sessile drop device and atomic force microscopy. Constr Build Mater 145:42–51.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.03.114 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Somé SC, Pavoine A, Chailleux E (2016) Evaluation of the potential use of waste sunflower and rapeseed oils-modified natural bitumen as binders for asphalt pavement design. Int J Pavement Res Technol 9:368–375.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijprt.2016.09.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Raouf MA, Williams RC (2010) General rheological properties of fractionated switchgrass bio-oil as a pavement material. Road Mater Pavement Des 11:325–353.  https://doi.org/10.1080/14680629.2010.9690337 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sun Z, Yi J, Huang Y, Feng D, Guo C (2016) Properties of asphalt binder modified by bio-oil derived from waste cooking oil. Constr Build Mater 102:496–504.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.10.173 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Fini EH, Kalberer EW, Shahbazi A, Basti M, You Z, Ozer H, Aurangzeb Q (2011) Chemical characterization of biobinder from swine manure: sustainable modifier for asphalt binder. J Mater Civ Eng 23(11):1506–1513.  https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0000237 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ingrassia LP, Lu X, Ferrotti G, Canestrari F (2019) Chemical, morphological and rheological characterization of bitumen partially replaced with wood bio-oil: towards more sustainable materials in road pavements. J Traffic Transp Eng (Engl Ed) in pressGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    EN 12607-1 (2015) Bitumen and bituminous binders—determination of the resistance to hardening under influence of heat and air—part 1: RTFOT methodGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    EN 14769 (2013) Bitumen and bituminous binders—accelerated long-term ageing conditioning by a pressure ageing vessel (PAV)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ingrassia LP, Lu X, Ferrotti G, Canestrari F (2019) Chemical and rheological investigation on the short- and long-term aging properties of bio-binders for road pavements. Constr Build Mater 217:518–529.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.05.103 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    ASTM D4402 (2015) Standard test method for viscosity determination of asphalt at elevated temperatures using a rotational viscometerGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Canestrari F, Ferrotti G, Cardone F, Stimilli A (2014) Innovative testing protocol for evaluation of binder–reclaimed aggregate bond strength. Transp Res Rec 2444:63–70.  https://doi.org/10.3141/2444-07 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Bahia HU, Moraes R, Velasquez R (2012) The effect of bitumen stiffness on the adhesive strength measured by bitumen bond strength test. In: 5th Eurasphalt and eurobitume congress, IstanbulGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Plancher H, Dorrence SM, Petersen JC (1977) Identification of chemical types in asphalts strongly adsorbed at the asphalt–aggregate interface and their relative displacement by water. J Assoc Asphalt Paving Technol 46:151–175Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Petersen JC, Plancher H (1998) Model studies and interpretative review of the competitive adsorption and water displacement of petroleum asphalt chemical functionalities on mineral aggregate surfaces. Pet Sci Technol 16(1–2):89–131.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10916469808949774 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Xiao F, Amirkhanian SN (2009) Laboratory investigation of moisture damage in rubberised asphalt mixtures containing reclaimed asphalt pavement. Int J Pavement Eng 10(5):319–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Fromm HJ (1974) The mechanisms of asphalt stripping from aggregate surface. J Assoc Asphalt Paving Technol 43:191–223Google Scholar

Copyright information

© RILEM 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lorenzo Paolo Ingrassia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fabrizio Cardone
    • 1
  • Francesco Canestrari
    • 1
  • Xiaohu Lu
    • 2
  1. 1.Università Politecnica delle MarcheAnconaItaly
  2. 2.Nynas ABNynäshamnSweden

Personalised recommendations