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Materials and Structures

, 51:171 | Cite as

Fatigue and healing performance assessment of asphalt binder from rheological and chemical characteristics

  • Chao Wang
  • Wei Xie
  • B. Shane Underwood
Original Article
  • 38 Downloads

Abstract

The fatigue and healing performance of asphalt binder affect the durability of asphalt concrete and by extension, asphalt pavements. The objectives of this paper are to (1) estimate the fatigue and healing characteristics of asphalt binder by newly developed linear amplitude sweep (LAS) and LAS-based Healing (LASH) protocols, and (2) investigate the relationship between chemical composition of asphalt and engineering performance. Three neat asphalt binders (Pen-30, Pen-50 and Pen-70) and one SBS modified binder are selected for this study. Experimental results indicate that the SBS binder has advanced fatigue resistance among all tested binders and the softer neat binder with a higher penetration grade generally displays better fatigue performance. The fatigue failure occurrence is a significant threshold for healing potential comparison. The rate of healing (HR) results suggest that the best healing potential is with Pen-70 binder in pre-failure conditions followed by the SBS binder, Pen-50 and Pen-30 binders. However, the SBS binder presents better healing performance than Pen-70 binder in post-failure condition. Further solvency fractionation, into saturates, aromatics, resins and asphaltenes, indicates that the asphaltene content is negatively proportional to the quantified binder fatigue life whereas the HR index is found to be well correlated to the weight percents of saturates and ratio of saturates to aromatics (S/Ar). The combined use of LAS and LASH tests is recommended for effectively distinguishing and designing the fatigue-healing performance of neat and modified asphalt binders. Limiting the contents of asphaltenes would be of help to improve the binder fatigue resistance and either saturates percent or S/Ar parameter should be considered to assure the self-healing potential of asphalt binder.

Keywords

Asphalt binder Fatigue damage Healing Rheology Chemical composition 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge the sponsorship from National Natural Science Foundation of China (51608018), Beijing Natural Science Foundation (8174059) and Beijing Municipal Education Commission (KM201810005020).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© RILEM 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Road and Railway EngineeringBeijing University of TechnologyChaoyang District, BeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental EngineeringNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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