Materials and Structures

, 51:159 | Cite as

Cavitation of water in hardened cement paste under short-term desorption measurements

  • Ippei MaruyamaEmail author
  • Jiří Rymeš
  • Matthieu Vandamme
  • Benoit Coasne
50 years of Materials and Structures
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. 50 years of Materials and Structures


Water vapor sorption isotherm measurement is one of the promising techniques to understand the microstructure of hardened cement paste, because it always gives a higher surface area than sorption isotherm measurements performed with other adsorbents such as nitrogen and argon, which implies that water molecules can probe the widest range of the microstructure of hardened cement pastes. When, at 20 °C, the water sorption measurement is conducted such as to last for a few days, a characteristic behavior—a sudden drop in adsorbed amount around a relative humidity of 0.35—is always observed on the desorption branch. Here, we prove that this sudden drop is caused by water cavitation, based on an analysis of experimental sorption isotherms acquired at various temperatures, scanning isotherms, and length-change isotherms. Cavitation in hardened cement paste is likely to occur in the C–S–H gel pores constricted by the C–S–H interlayer space.


Water vapor sorption isotherm Cavitation 



A part of this research is supported by JSPS KAKENHI grant number 18H03804. The used materials and facilities are supported by the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (NRA, Japan) and JSPS KAKENHI grant number 15H04077.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflict of interest directly relevant to the content of this article.


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Copyright information

© RILEM 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Environmental StudiesNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.Laboratoire Navier, UMR 8205, École des Ponts ParisTechIFSTTAR, CNRSChamps-sur-MarneFrance
  3. 3.Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, LIPhyGrenobleFrance

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