Surface Sensitive Spectroscopy Study of Ion Beam Irradiation Induced Structural Modifications in Borosilicate Glasses


Fe K edge X-ray absorption (XAS) and Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FT-IR) spectroscopies have been used to study potential structural modifications in sodium borosilicate glasses as a consequence of Kr+ irradiation. Glasses were doped with simulant waste elements and irradiated at room temperature with 450 keV Kr+ ions to a fluence of 2x1015 Kr+ ions cm-1. According to SRIM calculations, a damaged surface region approximately 400nm wide was produced. In order to probe only the damaged surface layer, XAS measurements were taken in total electron yield mode and FT-IR spectroscopy was conducted in reflectance off the glass surface. No change in Fe valence state was detected by XAS following irradiation. Reflectance FT-IR data revealed a shift to higher wavenumbers in the absorption bands located between 850 and 1100 cm-1 in the doped glasses, corresponding to bond stretching in the silicate network. Deconvolution of FT-IR spectra revealed the shift was due to polymerisation of the silicate network. Network connectivity was found to decrease in the un-doped glass, following irradiation. The results suggest an increase in silicate network connectivity by a cation mediated process, and demonstrates the successful application of surface sensitive XAS and FT-IR to the investigation of ion beam induced damage in amorphous materials.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    W. J. Weber, R. C. Ewing, C. R. A. Catlow, T. Diaz de la Rubia, L. W. Hobbs, C. Kinoshita, Hj. Matzke, A. T. Motta, M. Nastasi, E. K. H. Salje, E. R. Vance, S. J. Zinkle, J. Mater. Res, 13, 1434 (1998)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    K. Kuramoto, H. Mitamura, T. Banba and S. Muraoka, Progress in Nuclear Energy, 32, 509 (1998)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    B. I. Omel’yanenko, T. S. Livshits, S. V. Yudintsev, and B. S. Nikonov, Geology of Ore Deposits, 49, 173 (2007)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    D.P. Reid, M.C. Stennett, B. Ravel, J.C. Woicik, N. Peng E.R. Maddrell, N.C. Hyatt Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 268, 1847 (2010)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    F. Farges, S. Rossano, Y. Lefr`ere, M. Wilke and G. E. Brown Jr, Physica Scripta, T115, 957, (2005)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    H. Darwish, M. M. Gomaa, J. of Mater. Sci.: materials in Electronics, 17, 35 (2006)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    K. El-Egili, Physica B 325 340 (2003)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    M.S. Gaafara and S.Y. Marzouk, Physica B 388, 294 (2007)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    S. A. MacDonald, C. R. Schardt, D. J. Masiello and J. H. Simmons, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 275, 72 (2000)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    J.F. Ziegler, J.P. Biersack, U. Littmark, The Stopping and Ranges of Ions in Solids, Pergamon Press, New York, 1985. Available from: <>.

  11. 11.

    B. Ravel and M. Newville, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 12, 537 (2005)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    M. Mastalerz. “Application of reflectance micro-Fourier Transform infrared (FTIR) analysis to the study of coal macerals” 53rd ICCP Meeting, Copenhagen, August (2001).

  13. 13.

    Y.M. Moustafa, A.K. Hassan, G. E1-Damrawi, and N.G. Yevtushenko, J. of Non-Cryst. Solids, 194, 34 (1996)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    F.H. El-Batal, E.M. Khalil, Y.M. Hamdy, H.M. Zidan, H.S. Aziz, A.M. Abdelghany, Silicon, 2, 41 (2010)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    A. A. Akatov, B. S. Nikonov, B. I. Omel’yanenko, S. V. Stefanovsky, and J. C. Marra, Glass Physics and Chemistry, 35, 245 (2009)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Amy S Gandy.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Gandy, A.S., Stennett, M.C. & Hyatt, N.C. Surface Sensitive Spectroscopy Study of Ion Beam Irradiation Induced Structural Modifications in Borosilicate Glasses. MRS Online Proceedings Library 1514, 75 (2013).

Download citation