CdS host nanocrystals with 42-5.5 nm in diameter have been synthesized from air stable precursors via a synthetic chemical route and doped with rare earth (RE) terbium (Tb3+) and ytterbium (Yb3+) ions. RE3+-doped CdS cores were shelled by ZnS layers of different thicknesses. The resulting core/shell nanocrystals show a complete broadband absorption below 400–460 nm to the deep UV region depending on the size of the cores. RE3+-doped CdS nanocrystals showed a red shift in the emission as observed under irradiation of 302 nm UV light and was confirmed by room temperature photoluminescence (PL) measurements. The nanocrystals were further characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) analysis. The results show that these RE3+-doped nanocrystals can be used as solar spectral matching downconversion material to enhance photovoltaic efficiency of existing solar cells.
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Das, S., Mandal, K.C. Synthesis and Characterization of Rare Earth (Tb3+ and Yb3+) Doped CdS/ZnS Core/Shell Nanocrystals for Enhanced Photovoltaic Efficiency. MRS Online Proceedings Library 1322, 542 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1557/opl.2011.1293