Hierarchical Macroporous Mesoporous Materials for Biodiesel Synthesis


The combination of dwindling oil reserves and growing concerns over carbon dioxide emissions and associated climate change is driving the urgent development of routes to utilize renewable feedstocks as sustainable sources of fuels. Catalysis has a rich history of facilitating energy efficient selective molecular transformations and contributes to 90% of chemical manufacturing processes and to more than 20% of all industrial products. In a post-petroleum era catalysis will be central to overcoming the engineering and scientific barriers to economically feasible routes to bio-fuels. This article will highlight some of the recent developments in the development of solid acid and base catalysts for the transesterification of oils to biodiesel. Particular attention will be paid to the challenges faced when developing new catalysts and importance of considering the design of pore architectures to improve in-pore diffusion of bulky substrates.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    X. Yan, O.R. Inderwildi and D.A. King, Energy Environ. Sci. 3, 190, (2010).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    T.M. Mata, A.A. Martins, and N.S. Caetano, Renew. and Sust. En. Rev. 14, 217, (2010).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    M. Canakci and J.V. Gerpen, Trans. ASAE 42, 1203, (1999).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    D.G Cantrell, L.J. Gillie, A.F. Lee and K. Wilson, Appl. Catal. A 287, 183, (2005).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    J.M. Montero, P.L. Gai, A.F. Lee, and K.Wilson, Green Chem. 11, 265, (2009).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    K. Wilson, S.J. Tavener, A.F. Lee, K. Narasimahrao, D.R. Brown, P. Siril and A.D. Newman, J. Catal. 248, 226, (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    L. Pesaresi, D.R. Brown, A.F. Lee, J.M. Montero, H. Williams and K. Wilson, Appl. Catal. A 360, 50, (2009).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    J. Dhainaut, J.P. Dacquin, A.F. Lee and K. Wilson, Green Chem. 12, 296, (2010).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    G.R. Peterson and W.P. Sacarrah, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 61, 1593, (1984).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    N.Mizuno, M. Misono, Chem. Rev. 98, 199, (1998).

  11. 11.

    T. Okuhara, N. Mizuno and M. Misono, Adv. Catal. 41, 113, (1996).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    M.G. Kulkarni, R. Gopinath, L.C. Meher and A.K. Dalai, Green Chem. 8, 1056, (2006).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    T. Okuhara, T. Nishimura, H. Watanabe and M. Misono, J. Mol. Catal. 74, 247, (1992).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    T. Okuhara, T. Arai, T. Ichiki, K.Y. Lee and M. Misono, J. Mol. Catal. 55, 293, (1989).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    F. Cavani, F. Trifirò and A. Vaccari, Catal. Today, 11, 173, (1991).

  16. 16.

    J-P Dacquin, H. E. Cross, D. R. Brown, T. Duren, J. J. Williams, A. F. Lee and K. Wilson, Green Chem. 12, 1383, (2010).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Karen Wilson.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wilson, K., Lee, A.F. & Dacquin, JP. Hierarchical Macroporous Mesoporous Materials for Biodiesel Synthesis. MRS Online Proceedings Library 1326, 406 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1557/opl.2011.1098

Download citation