The emerging planar subwavelength microlens has attracted wide attention recently. There exists a trade-off in the selection of phase shifter materials for the lens designed with linearly polarized incidence. In this work, we have discovered that it is possible to utilize tapered nanostructure to increase the transmission of phase shifters built with high refractive index materials. A typical grating microlens is demonstrated to examine the effectiveness of taper-enhancement effect—the focus efficiency is increased from 9% to 28% with the properly designed tapered sidewalk Our work will provide a novel method to enhance performance using high refractive index materials in the emerging microlens field.
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Ye, M., Guo, X. & Yi, Y. Transmission enhancement of subwavelength grating microlens by tapered nanostructure. MRS Communications 8, 509–513 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1557/mrc.2018.69