Transient transmission oscillations in X-cut and Z-cut congruent, iron-doped, and magnesium-doped lithium niobate samples were measured using 50 fs, 800 nm, 0.5 nJ pulses from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser in an optical pump–probe system. Several Raman-active oscillation modes excited by these pulses were observed as changes in the transmitted probe intensity versus time delay between the pump and probe pulses. The samples were rotated to determine how the incident polarization of the pump pulses affects the mode excitations. The observed Raman-active oscillations correspond to previously reported symmetry modes measured with traditional, continuous-wave, Raman spectroscopy using the same scattering geometry. In addition, a polariton mode and other, previously unreported, lower-frequency modes were observed in each of the samples. The transmission intensity data for each sample were fit successfully to a superposition of sinusoidal functions with exponentially decaying amplitudes.
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We would like to thank Dean Langley in the Department of Physics at the College of Saint Benedict/Saint John’s University for providing much of the equipment used for this work. We also would like to recognize Robert Skibba who performed some initial transmission measurements with the system.
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Crossman, B.J., Taft, G.J. Transient transmission oscillations in doped and undoped lithium niobate induced by near-infrared femtosecond pulses. Journal of Materials Research 33, 4207–4214 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2018.414