In this research work, planetary ball mill has been used to disperse carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in Al powders. Al-CNT nanocomposite samples have been produced using double pressing double sintering (DPDS) method. The effects of CNTs weight percent and secondary pressing and sintering on the hardness, tensile, and bending strength of Al-CNTs nanocomposites were investigated. Enhancements of about 98% in hardness, 40% in tensile strength, and 20% in bending strength of Al-CNTs nanocomposites were observed as compared with pure Al samples. Using DPDS technique increments of 2.4–16.14% in density has been obtained as compared with the nanocomposites produced by conventional sintering method. The composites were studied by scanning electron microscope and differential thermal analysis. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to identify various phases if present in Al-CNTs nanocomposites.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
M. Rajabi: Characterization of Al–SiC composite materials produced by double pressing-double sintering method. Int. J. Eng. Sci. (IUST) 14 (2), 21–37 (2003).
M. Rajabi, M.M. Khodai, N. Askari, B. Mirhadi, and H. Oveisi: Evaluation of time effect on mechanical properties of Al–ZrO2 nano-composites produced by microwave sintering. In Second Iran International Aluminum Conference, Arak, Iran, 2012; pp. 11–18.
M.M. Khodai, M. Rajabi, N. Askari, B. Mirhadi, and H. Oveisi: Microwave sintering of aluminum-zirconia nano-composites. In 2nd International Advances in Applied Physics and Materials Science Congress, Antalya, 2012; pp. 125–132.
M. Rajabi, M.M. Khodai, and N. Askari: Microwave-assisted sintering of Al–ZrO2 nano-composites. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 25, 4577–4584 (2014).
M. Rajabi and M. Safaei: Synthesis of Al-SiC composite material by double–pressing double–sintering method. In 4th Annual Congress of Iranian Metallurgy Engineering Society, Tehran, Iran, 1999; pp. 995–1004.
M. Rajabi and Z. Asadipanah: Production of Al–ZrB2 nano-composites by microwave sintering process. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 26, 6148–6156 (2015).
T. Gladman, G. Foularis, and M. Talafi Noghani: Grain refinement of steel by oxidic second phase particles. Mater. Sci. Technol. 15, 1414–1424 (1999).
S.R. Bakshi, D. Lahiri, and A. Agarwal: Carbon nanotube reinforced metal matrix composites—A review. Int. Mater. Rev. 55, 41–64 (2010).
E.T. Thostenson, Z.F. Ren, and T.W. Chou: Advances in the science and technology of carbon nanotubes and their composites: A review. Compos. Sci. Technol. 61, 1899–1912 (2001).
P.M. Ajayan and O.Z. Zhou: Applications of carbon nano-tubes. Topics in Applied Physics 80, 391–425 (2001).
M. Terrones: Science and technology of the twenty-first century: Synthesis, properties, and applications of carbon nanotubes. Mater. Res. 33, 419–501 (2003).
W.A. Curtin and B.W. Sheldon: CNT-reinforced ceramics and metals. Mater. Today 7, 44–49 (2004).
S. Iijima: Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon. Nature 354, 56–58 (1991).
V.N. Popov: Carbon nanotubes: Properties and application. Mater. Sci. Eng., R 43 (3), 61–102 (2004).
B. Boesl, D. Lahiri, S. Behdad, and A. Agarwal: Direct observation of carbon nano-tube induced strengthening in aluminum composite via in situ tensile tests. Carbon 69, 79–85 (2014).
J. Gallego, J. Barrault, C. Batiot-Dupeyrat, and F. Mondragon: Inter-shell spacing changes in MWCNT induced by metal–CNT interactions. Micron 44, 463–467 (2012).
C.L. Xu, B.Q. Wei, R.Z. Ma, J. Liang, X.K. Ma, and D.H. Wu: Fabrication of aluminum–carbon nanotube composites and their electrical properties. Carbon 37, 855–858 (1999).
R. Zhong, H. Cong, and P. Hou: Fabrication of nano-Al based composites reinforced by single-walled carbon nanotubes. Carbon 41, 848–851 (2002). (letters to the editor).
T. Kuzumaki, K. Miyazawa, and H. Ichinose: Processing of carbon nanotubes aluminum composite. Mater. Res. 13, 2445–2449 (1998).
R. Perez-Bustamante, I. Estrada-Guel, W. Antunez-Flores, M. Miki-Yoshida, P.J. Ferreira, and R. Martinez-Sanchez: Novel Al-matrix nano-composites reinforced with multi-walled carbon nanotubes. J. Alloys Compd. 450 (1–2), 323–326 (2008).
A.M.K. Esawi and M.A. Borady: Carbon nanotube-reinforced aluminum strips. Compos. Sci. Technol. 68 (2), 486–492 (2008).
C.F. Deng, D.Z. Wang, X.X. Zhang, and A.B. Li: Processing and properties of carbon nanotubes reinforced aluminum composites. Mater Sci. Eng., A 444 (1–2), 138–145 (2007).
R. George, K.T. Kashyap, R. Rahul, and S. Yamdagni: Strengthening in carbon nanotube/aluminum (CNT/Al) composites. Scr. Mater. 53, 1159–1163 (2005).
A.M.K. Esawi and K. Morsi: Dispersion of carbon nanotubes (CNT) in aluminum powder. Composites, Part A 38 (2), 646–650 (2007).
A.M.K. Esawi and K. Morsi: Effect of mechanical alloying time and carbon nanotube (CNT) content on the evolution of aluminum (Al)–CNT composite powders. J. Mater. Sci. 42, 4954–4959 (2007).
A.M.K. Esawi, K. Morsi, A. Sayed, A. Abdel Gawad, and P. Borah: Fabrication and properties of dispersed carbon nanotube–aluminum composites. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 508, 167–173 (2009).
H.J. Choi, G.B. Kwon, G.Y. Lee, D.H. Bae: Reinforcement with carbon nanotubes in aluminum matrix composites. Scr. Mater. 59, 360–363 (2008).
A. Yarahmadi, M. Rajabi, M. Talafi Noghani, and R. Taghiabadi: Synthesis of aluminum-CNTs composites using double-pressing double-sintering method. J. Nano Structure (2016), accepted.
T. Noguchi, A. Magario, S. Fukazawa, S. Shimizu, J. Beppu, and M. Seki: Carbon nanotube/aluminum composites with uniform dispersion. Mater. Trans. 45 (2), 602 (2004).
Y. Zhou, W. Yang, Y. Xia, and P.K. Mallick: An experimental study on the tensile behavior of a unidirectional carbon fiber reinforced aluminum composite at different strain rates. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 362, 112–117 (2003).
X.X. Zhang, C.F. Deng, and D.Z. Wang: Damping characterization of carbon nanotubes/aluminium matrix composites. Mater. Lett. 61, 3229–3231 (2007).
A. Dias, R.L. Moreira, N.D.S. Mohallem, and A.I. Persiano: Microstructrual dependence of the magnetic properties of sintered NiZn ferrites from hydrothermal powders. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 172, L9–L14 (1997).
S.I. Cha, K.T. Kim, S.N. Arshad, and S.H. Hong: Extraordinary strengthening effect of carbon nanotubes in metal-matrix nano-composites processed by molecular-level mixing. Adv. Mater. 17, 1377–1381 (2008).
L.Q. Viereckl, A. Rottmair, and R.F. Singer: Improved processing of carbon nanotube/magnesium alloy composites. Compos. Sci. Technol. 69, 1193–1199 (2009).
H. Li, A. Misra, Y. Zhu, Z. Horita, C.C. Koch, T.G. Holesingerd: Processing and characterization of nanostructured Cu-carbon nanotube composites. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 523, 60–64 (2009).
D. Lahiri, S.R. Bakshi, A.K. Keshri, Y. Liu, and A. Agarwal: Dual strengthening mechanisms induced by carbon nanotubes in roll bonded aluminum composites. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 523, 263–270 (2009).
K.T. Kim, S.I. Cha, T. Gemming, J. Eckert, and S.H. Hong: The role of interfacial oxygen atoms in the enhanced mechanical properties of carbon nanotube-reinforced metal matrix nanocomposites. Small 4, 1936–1940 (2008).
J.N. Coleman, M. Cadek, R. Blake, V. Nicolosi, K.P. Ryan, C. Belton, A. Fonseca, J.B. Nagy, Y.K. Gunko, and W.J. Blau: High-performance nanotube reinforced plastics: Understanding the mechanism of strength increase. Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 791–798 (2004).
T. Kuzumaki, K. Miyazawa, and H. Ichinose: Processing of carbon nanotube reinforced aluminum composite. J. Mater. Res. 13, 2445–2449 (1998).
M. Raviathul Basariya, V.C. Srivastava, and N.K. Mukhopadhyay: Microstructural characteristics and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube reinforced aluminum alloy composites produced by ball milling. Mater. Des. 61, 542 (2014).
G.D. Zhan, J.D. Kuntz, J. Wan, and A.K. Mukherjee: Single-wall carbon nanotubes as attractive toughening agents in alumina-based nano-composites. Nat. Mater. 2, 38–42 (2003).
Authors would like to acknowledge Ahmad Yarahmadi for his too much help during characterizations of samples, and Imam Khomeini International University labs for providing the research facilities.
About this article
Cite this article
Yarahmadi, A., Noghani, M.T. & Rajabi, M. Effect of carbon nanotube content and double-pressing double-sintering method on the tensile strength and bending strength behavior of carbon nanotube-reinforced aluminum composites. Journal of Materials Research 31, 3860–3868 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2016.446