Formation mechanism of the high-speed deformation characteristic microstructure based on dislocation slipping and twinning in α-titanium


As-annealed commercial pure titanium (grade 1) was selected as a model material whose crystalline structure was hexagonal close-packed. The evolution of the microstructure and micro-orientation induced by high-speed compression was characterized to elaborate the formation mechanism of the high-speed deformation characteristic microstructure in α-titanium. Twinning played a coordinating role for dislocation slipping that was the main plastic deformation mechanism. The high-speed deformation characteristic microstructure of as-annealed commercial pure titanium was an adiabatic shear band (ASB) with an average width of 50 μm at a strain rate of 5400 s−1, whose initial grains were 0.5–1.0 μm in size. The formation and extension of ASB were attributed to the interaction between the shear stress and the adiabatic temperature rise. A formation model of ASB in α-Ti was proposed in terms of the formation mechanism of the high-speed deformation characteristic microstructure.

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This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project No. 51371013) and Beijing Municipal Natural Science Foundation (Project No. 2162004).

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Correspondence to Bolong Li or Zuoren Nie.

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Wang, T., Li, B., Wang, Z. et al. Formation mechanism of the high-speed deformation characteristic microstructure based on dislocation slipping and twinning in α-titanium. Journal of Materials Research 31, 3907–3918 (2016).

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