Catalytic performance and SO2 tolerance of tetragonal-zirconia-based catalysts for low-temperature selective catalytic reduction

Abstract

MnOx–CeO2/t-ZrO2 catalyst was prepared by impregnation of nanotetragonal zirconia. The NO conversion of 5 wt% MnOx–CeO2/t-ZrO2 catalyst was 68.1% at 100 °C while that of 30 wt% MnOx–CeO2/t-ZrO2 catalyst was 97.4%. The x-ray diffraction, Brunner–Emmet–Teller measurements (BET), and H2-TPR showed surface properties of the prepared catalysts were good for selective catalytic reduction reactions. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis indicated that Mn4+ and Ce4+ oxidation states were predominant on the surface of the catalyst and so was lattice oxygen which was conducive to Lewis acid sites. NH3-TPD test results demonstrated that Lewis acid sites are predominant on the surface of catalyst. The presence of SO2 reduced the catalyst activity. The realized conversion dramatically decreased to 47% from nearly 100% after 8 h. Characterization of fresh and spent catalysts indicated the deterioration of active component and deposition of NH4HSO4 or (NH4)2SO4 contribute to SO2 poisoning.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This research was supported by the Jiangsu Provincial Environmental Protection Office Project (2013032) and a sponsored by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions.

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Correspondence to Rong Liu.

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Liu, R., Ji, L., Xu, Y. et al. Catalytic performance and SO2 tolerance of tetragonal-zirconia-based catalysts for low-temperature selective catalytic reduction. Journal of Materials Research 31, 2590–2597 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2016.283

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