Effect of electric current direction on recrystallization rate and texture of a Cu–Zn alloy

An Erratum to this article is available

This article has been updated

Abstract

The relationship between electric current direction and recrystallization rate as well as the resulting texture induced by electric current pulses (ECPs) was investigated in a Cu–Zn alloy. To distinguish the effect of electric current direction on recrystallization rate, the same input energy was exerted upon the samples to eliminate the effect of Joule heating induced by ECPs. Results showed that the recrystallization-related nucleation rate could be greatly enhanced when the electric current was dispositioned at an angle to the rolling direction. The main mechanism for the different nucleation rates might be ascribed to the different driving forces for recrystallization induced by ECPs when there was an angle between the electric current direction and the rolling direction.By all reckoning, it was expected that the ECP treatment would provide a promising approach for controlling the nucleation rate by changing the exerted electric current direction.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

FIG. 1.
FIG. 2.
FIG. 3.
FIG. 4.
FIG. 5.
FIG. 6.

Change history

References

  1. 1.

    K. Wierzbanowski, J. Tarasiuk, B. Bacroix, and K. Sztwiertnia: Stored energy and its role in recrystallization process. J. Neutron Res. 9, 61 (2001).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    P. Peczak and M. Luton: The effect of nucleation models on dynamic recrystallization I. Homogeneous stored energy distribution. Phil. Mag. B. 68, 115 (1993).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    A.W. Larsen, H.F. Poulsen, L. Margulies, C. Gundlach, Q.F. Xing, X.X. Huang, and D.J. Jensen: Nucleation of recrystallization observed in situ in the bulk of a deformed metal. Scr. Mater. 53, 553 (2005).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    F. Humphreys and M. Matherly: Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena (Elsevier Science Ltd. Publications, New York, 1995), pp. 250, 259.

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    R. Doherty, D. Hughes, F. Humphreys, J. Jonas, D. Jensen, M. Kassner, W. King, T. McNelley, H. McQueen, and A. Rollett: Current issues in recrystallization: A review. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 238, 219 (1997).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    H. Conrad, N. Karam, and S. Mannan: Effect of electric current pulses on the recrystallization of copper. Scr. Metall. 17, 411 (1983).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    H. Conrad, N. Karam, and S. Mannan: Effect of prior cold work on the influence of electric current pulses on the recrystallization of copper. Scr. Metall. 18, 275 (1984).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    R.S. Qin, S.H. Xiao, J.D. Guo, G.H. He, and B.L. Zhou: A healing model for metallic materials: Theoretical study. Biomimetics 4, 121 (1996).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Y.Z. Zhou, S.H. Xiao, and J.D. Guo: Recrystallized microstructure in cold worked brass produced by electropulsing treatment. Mater. Lett. 58, 1948 (2004).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    S.H. Xiao, J.D. Guo, and S.X. Li: The effect of electropulsing on dislocation structures in [233] coplanar double-slip-oriented fatigued copper single crystals. Philos. Mag. Lett. 82, 617 (2002).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    G.L. Hu, Y.H. Zhu, C.H. Shek, and G.Y. Tang: Electropulsing induced G-texture evolution in a deformed Fe-3%Si alloy strip. J. Mater. Res. 26, 917 (2011).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    G.L. Hu, C.H. Shek, Y.H. Zhu, and G.Y. Tang: Electropulsing induced texture evolution in the primary recrystallization of Fe-3%Si alloy strip. Metall. Mater. Trans. A 42, 3484 (2011).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    W.B. Dai, X.L. Wang, H.M. Zhao, and X. Zhao: Effect of electric current on grain orientation in a cold rolled Fe-3%Si steel. Mater. Trans. 53, 229 (2012).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    X.L. Wang, J.D. Guo, Y.M. Wang, X.Y. Wu, and B.Q. Wang: Segregation of lead in Cu–Zn alloy under electric current pulses. Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 61910 (2006).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    X.L. Wang, Y.B. Wang, Y.M. Wang, B.Q. Wang, and J.D. Guo: Oriented nanotwins induced by electric current pulses in a Cu-Zn alloy. Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 163112 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    H. Conrad and A.F. Sprecher: Dislocations in Solids, edited by F.R.N. Nabarro (Elservier, Amsterdam, 1989), p. 499.

  17. 17.

    A. Morawiec: On the frequency of occurrence of tilt and twist grain boundaries. Scr. Mater. 61, 438 (2009).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    W.R. Hibbard Jr. and C.G. Dunn: A study of <112> edge dislocations in bent silicon-iron single crystals. Acta Metall. 4, 306 (1956).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    S.P. Kiselev: Dislocation structure of shear bands in single crystals. J. Appl. Mech. Tech. Phys. 47, 857 (2006).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    K. Okazaki, M. Kagawa, and H. Conrad: A study of the electroplastic effect in metals. Scr. Metall. 12, 1063 (1978).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    A.F. Sprecher, S.L. Mannan, and H. Conrad: Overview no. 49: On the mechanisms for the electroplastic effect in metals. Acta Metall. 34, 1145 (1986).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    D.W. Tang, B.L. Zhou, H. Cao, and G.H. He: Thermal stress relaxation behavior in thin films under transient laser-pulse heating. J. Appl. Phys. 73, 3749 (1993).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    B.L. Zhou, G.H. He, Y.J. Gao, W.L. Zhao, and J.D. Guo: The microscopic nonequilibrium process in solids under transient heating. Inter. J. Therm. 18, 481 (1997).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    M. Meyers and K. Chawla: Mechanical Behavior of Materials, 2nd ed. (Cambridge University Press, London, 2009), pp. 109, 249.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China, Grant No. 50901018. The authors thank Professor J.D. Guo of Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, for many helpful discussions.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Xinli Wang or Xiang Zhao.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wang, X., Dai, W., Ma, C. et al. Effect of electric current direction on recrystallization rate and texture of a Cu–Zn alloy. Journal of Materials Research 28, 1378–1385 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2013.86

Download citation