Polyanion modulated evolution of perovskite BiFeO3 microspheres to microcubes by a microwave assisted hydrothermal method

Abstract

In this work, the morphology of BiFeO3 was successfully modulated from microsphere to microcube by using a polyanion, poly (methyl vinyl ether-alt-maleic acid) (PMVEMA), in a microwave assisted hydrothermal route. A simple ultrasonic purification method has been developed to obtain pure phase BiFeO3 from the crude products without using any chemicals. X-ray diffraction results confirmed the capability of this purification method. When increasing the amount of PMVEMA, the morphology of BiFeO3 gradually changed from microsphere to microcube as illustrated by scanning electron microscopy. A mechanism was suggested for the morphology evolution of BiFeO3. After the formation of the small BiFeO3 single crystal, PMVEMA preferentially absorbed on one side of the crystals through specific and/or noncovalent interactions, resulting in the preferential integration of these crystals to form microcubes. The magnetic properties of these microcrystals were also investigated and the magnetization of the microcubes increased with the decrease of temperature.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENT

This work was supported by the State Key Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 61176011), National Basic Research Project (Grant No. 2013CB922301), KLIFMD-2011-06, Shanghai Pujiang Program (Grant No. 11PJ1403000), Innovation Program of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission (Grant No. 12ZZ041), NCET-11-0143 and PCSIRT.

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Correspondence to Hui Peng or Xiaodong Tang.

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Wang, Z., Xu, W., Peng, H. et al. Polyanion modulated evolution of perovskite BiFeO3 microspheres to microcubes by a microwave assisted hydrothermal method. Journal of Materials Research 28, 1498–1504 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2013.130

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