Li+ for Na+ ion-exchange-induced phase separation in borosilicate glass was investigated. A glass with a composition, 70SiO2·15B2O3·15Na2O, was prepared. The glass was transparent, and macroscopically no phase separation was observed because the immiscibility temperature for the composition was lower than the glass transition temperature. Substitution of Li+ for Na+ at the surface domain of the glass induced phase separation in the domain and subsequent heat treatment evolved interconnected silica-rich and alkali borate-rich phases through the phase separation. However, the parts in which ion exchange did not occur kept homogeneous and transparent. This phenomenon is explainable by the fact that the immiscibility temperature for the Li+-substituted composition of the original glass elevated up to a temperature higher than the ion exchange and heat treatment temperatures. The borate-rich phases leached by acid treatment for the phase-separated glass. Through these processes, we obtained monolithic glasses consisting of porous domains, and homogeneous and transparent parts.
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This work was carried out in Next-generation Nanostructured Photonic Device and Process Technology as part of Program to Create an Innovative Components Industry supported by New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization. One of the authors (K. K.) is also grateful for the financial support from Murata Science Foundation.
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Hattori, Y., Wakasugi, T., Shiomi, H. et al. Li+ for Na+ ion-exchange-induced phase separation in borosilicate glass. Journal of Materials Research 27, 999–1005 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2012.33