Shape memory alloys (SMA) undergo reversible martensitic transformation in response to changes in temperature or applied stress, resulting in the properties of superelasticity and shape memory. At present, there is high scientific and technological interest to develop these properties at small scales and apply SMA as sensors and actuators in microelectromechanical system technologies. To study the thermomechanical properties of SMA at micro and nanoscales, instrumented nanoindentation is widely used to conduct nanopillar compression tests. By using this technique, superelasticity and shape memory at the nanoscale have been demonstrated in micro and nanopillars of Cu–Al–Ni SMA. However, the martensitic transformation seems to exhibit different behavior at small scales, and a size effect on superelasticity has been recently reported. In this study, we provide an overview of the thermomechanical properties of Cu–Al–Ni SMA at the nanoscale, with special emphasis on size effects. Finally, these size effects are discussed in light of the microscopic mechanisms controlling the martensitic transformation at the nanoscale.
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This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (MICINN) project MAT2009-12492 and the CONSOLIDER-INGENIO 2010 CSD2009 -00013, by the Consolidated Research Group IT-10-310 from the Education Department and by the project ETORTEK ACTIMAT-08 from the Industry Department of the Basque Government. CS acknowledges support from the U.S. Army Research Office through the Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies at MIT. This work made use of the Center for Nanscale Systems (CNS) from Harvard University with the support of the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network (NNIN).
This author was an editor of this journal during the review and decision stage. For the JMR policy on review and publication of manuscripts authored by editors, please refer to http://www.mrs.org/jmr-editor-manuscripts/
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Juan, J.S., Nó, M.L. & Schuh, C.A. Thermomechanical behavior at the nanoscale and size effects in shape memory alloys. Journal of Materials Research 26, 2461–2469 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2011.291