Solvothermal synthesis of carbon nitrogen nanotubes and nanofibers


Carbon nitrogen nanotubes and nanofibers with controlled nitrogen concentration have been prepared by reaction of cyanuric chloride and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) with sodium metal at 250 °C in cyclohexane. Electron microscopy and spectroscopic analysis were used to characterize the products. The total yields of the tubes and fibers decrease as the ratio of cyanuric chloride to HCB increases, and nitrogen content in the products could be controlled by the ratio. The nanostructures depended strongly on the nitrogen content. Lower nitrogen content was favorable for producing linear products.

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Mu, T., Huang, J., Liu, Z. et al. Solvothermal synthesis of carbon nitrogen nanotubes and nanofibers. Journal of Materials Research 21, 1658–1663 (2006).

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