TiO-based coatings prepared by plasma spraying in air of Ti + C mixtures


This work presents an original way for preparing TiO-based coatings by thermal spraying. As titanium monoxide is oxidized by the mere trace of oxygen contained in hydrogen, it is obvious that plasma spraying of TiO powder does not lead easily to the formation of a titanium monoxide coating. However, thermodynamical calculations show that the conditions necessary for the preparation of TiO can be reached, at the titanium melting temperature (Tm=1933 K), when oxygen reacts with liquid metal in the presence of excess carbon. These results have led to experiments in which TiO-based coatings have been prepared by spraying a stoichiometric mixture of graphite and titanium grains onto cast iron in air. In optimal conditions, a gas-tight hard coating (1000 ± 15 HV3) of a TiO-based phase (composition: TiO0.81±0.06C0.04±0.02) has been obtained.

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Haller, B., Grimaud, A., Labbe, JC. et al. TiO-based coatings prepared by plasma spraying in air of Ti + C mixtures. Journal of Materials Research 21, 1770–1774 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2006.0203

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