Our current understanding of martensitic transformations has been based on the Phenomenological Theory of Martensite Crystallography developed in the 1950s. Recently, a Topological Model of martensitic transformations has been presented wherein the habit plane is a semi-coherent structure, and the transformation mechanism is shown explicitly to be diffusionless. This approach is used here to model phase transformation crystallography of lath martensite in ferrous alloys. A range of network geometries is predicted corresponding to orientation relationships varying from Nishiyama-Wasserman to Kurdjumov-Sachs. Experimental observations from the literature of the dislocation and disconnection arrays, habit plane and orientation relationship are in good agreement with the model.
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Ma, X., Pond, R.C. Phase Transformation Crystallography of Lath Martensite. MRS Online Proceedings Library 979, 703 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-979-0979-HH07-03