WC nanoparticles where synthesized using various Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) methods such as reactive sputtering and Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD). In both the methods the metal flux obtained is condensed in the presence of He gas. The structural properties of the samples where investigated using X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The feasibility of using nano-WC as an alternative catalyst for Pt is determined. A comparative study on two sample of WC, as-prepared and carburized W, was done. The samples were used to check for the reduction of NOx in a simple reactor. The carburized W shows activity at temperatures around 400o C whereas the as-prepared WC shows activity towards NOx reduction at a slightly higher temperature. The stability of both the sample was studied by performing the same experiment at a fixed temperature for an extended period of time. XPS and XRD confirm the formation of oxide phase after de-NOx experiments.
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This work was supported by US EPA grant # R-82962401-0
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Rumaiz, A., Shah, S., Lin, H. et al. Stability of WC Nanoparticles for NOx Reduction. MRS Online Proceedings Library 854, U8.7 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-854-U8.7