Microstructure of Cement Blends Containing Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Slag and Fillers

Abstract

The hydration of a blended cement through hydraulic or pozzolanic reactions results in heterogeneous polyphase materials. Because portland cement clinker is the major component in most cement blends, the microstructural development of portland cement hydrates, including C-S-H and pore structures, is first-discussed. Slag, fly ash, silica fume and limestone filler cements are then compared to portland cement with regards to C-S-H morphology and composition, aluminate crystallization, cement paste interfaces and pore size distribution.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    H.F.W. Taylor, Proc. Int. Congr. Chem. Cem., 8th, 1986 I, 82–110.

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    S. Diamond, Proc. Int. Congr. Chem. Cem., 8th, 1986 I, 122–147.

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    H. Uchikawa, Proc. Int. Congr. Chem. Cem., 8th, 1986 I, 249–280.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    A.M. Harrisson, H.F.W. Taylor and N.B. Winter, Cem. Concr. Res. 15, 775–780 (1985).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    H.F.W. Taylor, Proc. Br. Ceram. Soc. 35, 65–82 (1984).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    G.W. Groves, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. A 310, 79–83, 79 (1983).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    B.J. Dalgleish and K. Ibe, Cem. Concr. Res. 11, 729–739 (1981).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    K.L. Scrivener and P.L. Pratt, in Proc. Int. Conf. Cem. Microsc, 6th. 1984. (ICMA, Duncanville, 1984) pp. 145–155.

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    B. Marchese, Cemento 80, 107–120 (1983).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    J.E. Bailey and H.R Stewart, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 3, 411–414 (1984).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    H.M. Jennings and S.K. Johnson, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 69 (11), 790–795 (1986).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    H.M. Jennings, B.J. Dalgleish, and P.L Pratt, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 64, 567–572 (1981).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    K.L. Scrivener, PhD thesis, Imperial College, University of London (1984).

  14. 14.

    D.N. Hadley, PhD thesis, Purdue University (1972).

  15. 15.

    S. Diamond, in Hydraulic Cement Pastes (Cement and Concrete Association, Wexham Springs, 1976) pp. 2–30.

  16. 16.

    H.F.W. Taylor, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 69 (6), 464–467 (1986).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    E. Henderson and J.E Bailey, Proc. Int. Congr. Chem. Cem., 8th, 1986 III. 376–381.

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    N.J. Clayden, C.M. Dobson, G.M. Groves and S.A Rodger, Proc. Int. Congr. Chem. Cem., 8th, 1986 III, 51–56.

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    D.N. Winslow, Cem. Concr. Res. 15, 817–824 (1985).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    H. Van Damme, Personal Communication (1986).

  21. 21.

    R.F. Feldman, Proc. Int. Congr. Chem. Cem., 8th, 1986 I, 336–356.

    Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    L.J. Parrott, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, A 310, 155–166 (1983).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    H.M. Jennings, J. Grimes and P.L. Brown, U.S Patent Application (1986).

  24. 24.

    L.J. Parrott, R.G. Patel, D.C Killoh and H.M. Jennings, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 67, 233–237 (1984).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    M. Regourd, Proc. Int. Congr. Chem. Cem., 8th, 1986 I, 200–229.

    Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    H. Tanaka, Y. Totani and Y. Saito, in Proc. 1st Int. Conf. on the Use of Fly Ash, Silica Fume and Other Mineral By-Products in Concrete, Montebello, 1983 (ACI SP 79, 1983) 2, 963–977.

  27. 27.

    J.P.H. Frearson and J.M. Uren, Proc Int. Conf. Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Slag and Natural Pozzolanics in Concrete, (ACI SP 91-69, 1986) 2, 1401–1421.

  28. 28.

    E. Demoulian, P. Gourdin, F. Hawthorn and C. Vernet, Proc. Int. Congr. Chem. Cem., 7th, 1980 II, 89–94.

    Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    G. Mascolo and O. Marine, Proc. Int. Congr. Chem. Cem., 7th, 1980 II. 23–29.

    Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    A.M. Harrisson, W.B. Winter and H.F.W. Taylor, Proc. Int. Congr. Chem. Cem., 8th, 1986 IV, 170–175.

    Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    K.L. Scrivener, K.D. Baldie, Y. Halse, P.L. Pratt. in Very High Strength Cement-Based Materials, edited by J.F. Young, (MRS 42, Pittsburgh, 1985) pp. 39–43.

  32. 32.

    M. Regourd, in Condensed Silica Fume, edited by P.C Aitcin (Sherbrooke University, 1983) pp. 20–24.

  33. 33.

    M. Regourd, B. Montureux and H. Hornain, Proc. 1st Int. Conf. on the Use of Fly Ash, Silica Fume and Other Mineral By-Products in Concrete, Montebello, 1983 (ACI SP 79, 1983) 2, 847–865.

  34. 34.

    A. Bachiorrini, Thesis, University of Lyon (1985).

  35. 35.

    B. Montureux, H. Hornain and M. Regourd, in Liaisons Pates de Ciment -Materiaux Associes (Toulouse, 1982) pp. A.64-A.72.

  36. 36.

    P. Gegout, H. Hornain, B. Thuret, B. Montureux, J. Volant and M. Regourd, Proc. Int. Congr. Chem. Cem., 8th, 1986 IV, 197–203.

    Google Scholar 

  37. 37.

    D.M. Roy and K.M. Parker, Proc. 1st Int. Conf. on the Use of Fly Ash, Silica Fume and Other Mineral By-Products in Concrete, Montebello, 1983 (ACI SP 79, 1983) I, 397–411.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Micheline Regourd.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Regourd, M. Microstructure of Cement Blends Containing Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Slag and Fillers. MRS Online Proceedings Library 85, 187 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-85-187

Download citation