High strength γ-TiAl based alloys, such as Ti-46Al-5Nb-1W (Alloy 7), which were originally developed for gas turbine and automotive applications are now being considered for application in Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS). This requires the evaluation of these materials upon the microscale. As international standards do not currently exist for the evaluation of the mechanical properties of samples with dimensions equivalent to those required by MEMS devices, the development of new methods was required. The method developed here is intended for the fatigue testing of samples measuring ≈ 10µm (B) × 20µm (W) × 40µm (L). This is completed using a machine recently developed at Tokyo Institute of Technology to load samples of lamellar γ-TiAl based material to failure in compressive bending. This method is intended to work alongside methods previously developed for the fracture toughness testing of similar microsized cantilever bend specimens.
In this work sample cantilevers of Alloy 7 are Focussed Ion Beam (FIB) machined from foil ≈ 20µm thick and their stress–life (S-N) fatigue behaviour evaluated. The dependence of fatigue life upon lamellar orientation for a given peak stress / stress range is considered. The effect of the reduced scale of these samples upon the mean and scatter of these sample lifetimes is also considered through comparison with previous data obtained from the S-N testing of macrosized samples of the same material.
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This work was supported by a “Grant-In-Aid for Scientific Research” provided by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).
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Halford, T.P., Takashima, K. & Higo, Y. Fatigue Testing of microsized samples of γ-TiAl based material. MRS Online Proceedings Library 842, 459–464 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-842-S6.9