It has been demonstrated with systematic experiments that the appearance and disappearance of multistage martensitic transformation (MMT) in aged Ni-rich Ti-Ni alloys depend on the heat treatment conditions. No multistage transformation occurs when the evaporation of Ti and Ni and/or the preferential oxidation of Ti in the specimen are prevented and the purification of heat treatment atmosphere in an evacuated quartz tube is achieved. The heterogeneity in precipitation morphology of the Ti3Ni4 phase, which is responsible for the multistage transformation can be suppressed with the regulation of heat treatment atmosphere as mentioned above. We have concluded that the multistage martensitic transformation in aged Ni-rich Ti-Ni alloys is extrinsic in nature, and is an artifact during the heat treatment.
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The authors would like to thank Messrs. K. Yamaguchi and K. Tanaka for their helpful assistance. The specimen was provided from Dr. K. Yamauchi of Tokin Corporation, Sendai, Japan.
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Nishida, M., Hara, T., Morizono, Y. et al. Effect of Heat Treatment Conditions on Multistage Martensitic Transformation in Aged Ni-rich Ti-Ni Alloys. MRS Online Proceedings Library 842, 227–232 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-842-S5.1