The electrosynthesis of poly (3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene) from its monomer 3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene with doping by a mixture of lithium tosylate and co-surfactants sodium dodecylsulfate and sodium poly (4-styrenesulfonate) was performed. An anionic surfactant in aqueous solution was used to increase monomer solubility in water and reduce the potential oxidation relative to acetonitrile medium. Polymer films were synthesized by cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic methods and characterized by IR, AFM and SEM spectroscopy.
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El Moustafid, T., Gregory, R.V., Brenneman, K.R. et al. Electrosynthesis and Properties of Conducting Polythiophene Derivative Using Co-surfactants in Aqueous Medium.. MRS Online Proceedings Library 771, 413 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-771-L4.13