The use of alternative channel materials such as germanium [1,2] and strained silicon (ε-Si) [3-5] is increasingly being considered as a method for improving the performance of MOSFETs. While ε-Si grown on relaxed Si1-x Gex is drawing closer to widespread commercialization, it is currently believed that almost all of the performance benefit in CMOS implementations will derive from the enhanced mobility of the n -MOSFET . In this paper, we demonstrate that ε-Si p -MOSFETs can be engineered to exhibit mobility enhancements that increase or remain constant as a function of inversion density. We have also designed and fabricated ε-Si / ε-Ge dual-channel p -MOSFETs exhibiting mobility enhancements of 10 times. These p -MOSFETs can be integrated on the same wafers as ε-Si n -MOSFETs, making symmetric-mobility CMOS possible.
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Lee, M.L., Fitzgerald, E.A. Hybrid Valence Bands in Strained-Layer Heterostructures grown on Relaxed SiGe Virtual Substrates. MRS Online Proceedings Library 765, 410110 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-765-D4.10/G1.10