Characterization of Potential Catalysts for Carbon Monoxide Removal from Reformate Fuel for PEM Fuel Cells

Abstract

We are developing a fuel-cell-integrated system for enhancing the effectiveness of an air-bleed for CO-tolerance of hydrogen and reformate PEM fuel cells, with minimal increase in stack cost or specific volume. This is called the reconfigured anode (RCA) system [1]. We report here on properties of several potential catalysts for this system. The materials were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS), and thermal analysis techniques. Surface area was determined using the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) technique. The XRD results were interpreted using full-profile analysis. In ongoing work, reactivity with CO is being quantified under various conditions, using gas chromatographic (GC) analysis. The results are discussed in terms of effects of the presence of an RCA catalyst on fuel cell performance, using a small air-bleed.

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Correspondence to Peter A. Adcock.

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Adcock, P.A., Brosha, E.L., Garzon, F.H. et al. Characterization of Potential Catalysts for Carbon Monoxide Removal from Reformate Fuel for PEM Fuel Cells. MRS Online Proceedings Library 756, 14 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-756-FF1.4

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