High-Temperature Potentiometric NO2 and CO Sensors Based on Stabilized Zirconia with Oxide Sensing Electrodes

Abstract

This paper reports the efforts made in our laboratory to develop electrochemical sensors that might detect NO2 and CO at high temperatures for On Board Diagnostic (OBD) application. The non-Nernstian behaviour of zirconia-based electrochemical NO2 sensors with various oxides as sensing electrodes was studied in the temperature range 450–700°C. Both pellets and tape-casted layers (150 μm of thickness) of yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) were used for fabrication of the sensors. Pt electrodes were painted on both sides of the pellets or as two parallel fingers on one face of the layers. One of the Pt electrodes was covered with a thick-film oxide electrode. Various oxides were tested as sensing electrodes, either p- or n-type semiconductors, including WO3 and LaFeO3. The role of ionic conductivity of the oxide electrodes was investigated using Sr-doped perovskite-type oxides, such as LaxSr1-xFeO3, a mixed ionic-electronic conductor. The sensors were tested as potentiometric and amperometric devices. The performance of these devices was promising: fast and stable responses to different NO2 concentrations (20–1000 ppm in synthetic air) were observed at high temperatures. The role of the metallic electrodes is also studied. The sensing mechanism of the sensors is discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    K. Oishi, in Proceedings of the Electrochemical Society Symposium, Vol. 93–7, Proceedings of the Symposium on Chemical Sensors II, Eds. M. Butler, A. Ricco, and N. Yamazoe, (The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ, 1993) p. 443.

  2. 2.

    Y. Shimizu, K. Maeda, Chem. Lett., 117 (1996).

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Y. Shimizu and K. Maeda, Sensors and Actuators B 52, 84 (1998).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    E. Di Bartolomeo, E. Traversa, M. Baroncini, V. Kotzeva and R.V. Kumar, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 20, 2691 (2000).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    N. Miura, T. Shirahishi, K. Shimanoe, N. Yamazoe, Electrochem. Commun., 2, 77 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Y. Shimizu and N. Yamashita, Sensors and Actuators B, 64, 102 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    N. Miura, H. Kurosawa, M. Hasei, G. Lu, and N. Yamazoe, Solid State Ionics, 86–88, 1069 (1996).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    G. Lu, N. Miura and N. Yamazoe, J. Mater. Chem., 7, 1445 (1997).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    G. Lu, N. Miura, and N. Yamazoe, Ionics 4, 16 (1998).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    N. Miura, G. Lu, M. Ono and N. Yamazoe, Solid State Ionics 117, 283 (1999).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    G. Lu, N. Miura, and N. Yamazoe, Sensors and Actuators B, 65, 125 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    N. Miura, and N. Yamazoe, in Sensors Update, Vol. 6, Eds. H Baltes, W. Göpel and J. Hesse, (WILEY-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2000) p. 191.

  13. 13.

    J.W. Yoon, M.L. Grilli, E. Di Bartolomeo, R. Polini, and E. Traversa, Sensors and Actuators B 76, 483 (2001).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    M.L. Grilli, E. Di Bartolomeo and E. Traversa, J. Electrochem. Soc., 148, p. H98 (2001).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    M. L. Grilli, N. Kaabbuathong, A. Dutta, E. Di Bartolomeo and E. Traversa, J. Ceram. Soc. Jp, 110 [3], 159 (2002).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    N. Miura, S. Zhuiykov, T. Ono, M. Hasei, and N. Yamazoe, Sensors and Actuators B, 83, 222 (2002).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    T. Hibino, A. Hashimoto, S. Kakimoto, and M. Sano, J. Electrochem. Soc., 148, p. H1 (2001).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    E.L. Brosha, R. Mukundan, D.R. Brown, F.H. Garzon, J.H. Visser, M. Zanini, Z. Zhou, E. M. Lothetis, Sensors and Actuators B, 69, 171 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    E.L. Brosha, R. Mukundan, D.R. Brown, F.H. Garzon, J.H. Visser, Solid State Ionics 148, 61 (2002).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    F. Ménil, V. Coillard, C. Lucat, Sensors Actuators B 67, 1 (2000).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Y. Shimizu, H. Nishi, H. Suzuki, and K. Maeda, Sensors Actuators B, 65, p. 141 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    E. D. Wachsman and P. Jayaweera, in Solid State Ionic Devices II – Ceramic Sensors, Eds. E.D. Wachsman, W. Weppner, E. Traversa, M. Liu, P. Vanysek, and N. Yamazoe, (The Electrochem. Soc. Proc. Series, Pennington, NJ, 2001) p. 298.

  23. 23.

    T. Hibino, A. Hashimoto, T. Inoue, J. Tokuno, S. Yoshida and M. Sano, Science, 288, 2031 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    T. Hibino, A. Hashimoto, T. Inoue, J. Tokuno, S. Yoshida and M. Sano, J. Electrochem Soc., 148 (6) A544 (2001).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    T. Hibino, A. Hashimoto, M. Yano, M. Suzuki, S. Yoshida and M. Sano, J. Electrochem Soc., 149 (2) A133 (2002).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    M. Akiyama, Z. Zhang, J. Tamaki, N. Miura, N. Yamazoe and T. Harada, Sensors and Actuators B, 13–14, 619 (1993).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    T. Inoue, K. Ohtsuka, Y. Yoshida, Y. Matsuura and Y. Kajiyama, Sensors and Actuators B, 24–25, 388 (1995).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    E. Traversa, Y. Sadaoka, M. C. Carotta, and G. Martinelli, Sensors and Actuators B, 65, 181–185 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    E. Traversa, M. Sakamoto, and Y. Sadaoka, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 79, 1401 (1996)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    A. Dutta, N. Kaabbuathong, M.L. Grilli, E. Di Bartolomeo and E. Traversa, J. Electrochem Soc., in press (Feb. 2003).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to E. Di Bartolomeo.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Di Bartolomeo, E., Grilli, M.L., Kaabbuathong, N. et al. High-Temperature Potentiometric NO2 and CO Sensors Based on Stabilized Zirconia with Oxide Sensing Electrodes. MRS Online Proceedings Library 756, 112 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-756-EE11.2

Download citation