This paper reports the efforts made in our laboratory to develop electrochemical sensors that might detect NO2 and CO at high temperatures for On Board Diagnostic (OBD) application. The non-Nernstian behaviour of zirconia-based electrochemical NO2 sensors with various oxides as sensing electrodes was studied in the temperature range 450–700°C. Both pellets and tape-casted layers (150 μm of thickness) of yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) were used for fabrication of the sensors. Pt electrodes were painted on both sides of the pellets or as two parallel fingers on one face of the layers. One of the Pt electrodes was covered with a thick-film oxide electrode. Various oxides were tested as sensing electrodes, either p- or n-type semiconductors, including WO3 and LaFeO3. The role of ionic conductivity of the oxide electrodes was investigated using Sr-doped perovskite-type oxides, such as LaxSr1-xFeO3, a mixed ionic-electronic conductor. The sensors were tested as potentiometric and amperometric devices. The performance of these devices was promising: fast and stable responses to different NO2 concentrations (20–1000 ppm in synthetic air) were observed at high temperatures. The role of the metallic electrodes is also studied. The sensing mechanism of the sensors is discussed.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
K. Oishi, in Proceedings of the Electrochemical Society Symposium, Vol. 93–7, Proceedings of the Symposium on Chemical Sensors II, Eds. M. Butler, A. Ricco, and N. Yamazoe, (The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ, 1993) p. 443.
Y. Shimizu, K. Maeda, Chem. Lett., 117 (1996).
Y. Shimizu and K. Maeda, Sensors and Actuators B 52, 84 (1998).
E. Di Bartolomeo, E. Traversa, M. Baroncini, V. Kotzeva and R.V. Kumar, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 20, 2691 (2000).
N. Miura, T. Shirahishi, K. Shimanoe, N. Yamazoe, Electrochem. Commun., 2, 77 (2000).
Y. Shimizu and N. Yamashita, Sensors and Actuators B, 64, 102 (2000).
N. Miura, H. Kurosawa, M. Hasei, G. Lu, and N. Yamazoe, Solid State Ionics, 86–88, 1069 (1996).
G. Lu, N. Miura and N. Yamazoe, J. Mater. Chem., 7, 1445 (1997).
G. Lu, N. Miura, and N. Yamazoe, Ionics 4, 16 (1998).
N. Miura, G. Lu, M. Ono and N. Yamazoe, Solid State Ionics 117, 283 (1999).
G. Lu, N. Miura, and N. Yamazoe, Sensors and Actuators B, 65, 125 (2000).
N. Miura, and N. Yamazoe, in Sensors Update, Vol. 6, Eds. H Baltes, W. Göpel and J. Hesse, (WILEY-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2000) p. 191.
J.W. Yoon, M.L. Grilli, E. Di Bartolomeo, R. Polini, and E. Traversa, Sensors and Actuators B 76, 483 (2001).
M.L. Grilli, E. Di Bartolomeo and E. Traversa, J. Electrochem. Soc., 148, p. H98 (2001).
M. L. Grilli, N. Kaabbuathong, A. Dutta, E. Di Bartolomeo and E. Traversa, J. Ceram. Soc. Jp, 110 , 159 (2002).
N. Miura, S. Zhuiykov, T. Ono, M. Hasei, and N. Yamazoe, Sensors and Actuators B, 83, 222 (2002).
T. Hibino, A. Hashimoto, S. Kakimoto, and M. Sano, J. Electrochem. Soc., 148, p. H1 (2001).
E.L. Brosha, R. Mukundan, D.R. Brown, F.H. Garzon, J.H. Visser, M. Zanini, Z. Zhou, E. M. Lothetis, Sensors and Actuators B, 69, 171 (2000).
E.L. Brosha, R. Mukundan, D.R. Brown, F.H. Garzon, J.H. Visser, Solid State Ionics 148, 61 (2002).
F. Ménil, V. Coillard, C. Lucat, Sensors Actuators B 67, 1 (2000).
Y. Shimizu, H. Nishi, H. Suzuki, and K. Maeda, Sensors Actuators B, 65, p. 141 (2000).
E. D. Wachsman and P. Jayaweera, in Solid State Ionic Devices II – Ceramic Sensors, Eds. E.D. Wachsman, W. Weppner, E. Traversa, M. Liu, P. Vanysek, and N. Yamazoe, (The Electrochem. Soc. Proc. Series, Pennington, NJ, 2001) p. 298.
T. Hibino, A. Hashimoto, T. Inoue, J. Tokuno, S. Yoshida and M. Sano, Science, 288, 2031 (2000).
T. Hibino, A. Hashimoto, T. Inoue, J. Tokuno, S. Yoshida and M. Sano, J. Electrochem Soc., 148 (6) A544 (2001).
T. Hibino, A. Hashimoto, M. Yano, M. Suzuki, S. Yoshida and M. Sano, J. Electrochem Soc., 149 (2) A133 (2002).
M. Akiyama, Z. Zhang, J. Tamaki, N. Miura, N. Yamazoe and T. Harada, Sensors and Actuators B, 13–14, 619 (1993).
T. Inoue, K. Ohtsuka, Y. Yoshida, Y. Matsuura and Y. Kajiyama, Sensors and Actuators B, 24–25, 388 (1995).
E. Traversa, Y. Sadaoka, M. C. Carotta, and G. Martinelli, Sensors and Actuators B, 65, 181–185 (2000).
E. Traversa, M. Sakamoto, and Y. Sadaoka, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 79, 1401 (1996)
A. Dutta, N. Kaabbuathong, M.L. Grilli, E. Di Bartolomeo and E. Traversa, J. Electrochem Soc., in press (Feb. 2003).
About this article
Cite this article
Di Bartolomeo, E., Grilli, M.L., Kaabbuathong, N. et al. High-Temperature Potentiometric NO2 and CO Sensors Based on Stabilized Zirconia with Oxide Sensing Electrodes. MRS Online Proceedings Library 756, 112 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-756-EE11.2