The three-dimensional hydrodynamics of laser-induced, steady state vaporization of aluminum (2024) in vacuim was investigated with the aid of both a hydrodynamic computer code and a Mach-Zender interferometer. Provided the laser beam is sufficiently intense, a vapor plasma forms, resulting in a sustained region of high pressure near the target. The pressure is distributed asymmetrically over the footprint in the case of oblique incidence.
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Brost, G.A., Bohn, C.L., Crawford, M.L. et al. A Hydrodynamic Study of Laser-Induced Vaporization of Aluminum in Vacuum. MRS Online Proceedings Library 74, 217 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-74-217