The ferroelectric phase transition of SrTi18O3 (STO8), where the quantum paraelectricity is reduced by the exchange of oxygen atoms 16O for its isotope 18O, has been studied by both Brillouin scattering and Raman scattering. The Brillouin spectra of the c44 and c66 modes in the paraelectric-tetragonal phase show anomalous behavior in the temperature region several degrees above TC accompanied by a central peak. The characteristic shape of the central peak indicates a coupling mechanism between the acoustic mode and an overdamped soft polar mode. Though the ferroelectric soft A2u mode is Raman inactive in the paraelectric phase, it has been observed in the x(yz)-x geometry indicating a local symmetry breaking above TC. Existence of the ferroelectric micro region in the temperature range far above TC is confirmed by the broad spectral component. The soft mode dynamics is concluded in the phase transition of STO18. The doublet spectrum is observed without any of considerable change by the isotope exchange.
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Yagi, T., Kasahara, M., Tsujimi, Y. et al. Soft-phonon Dynamics in the Isotopically Induced Ferroelectric Phase Transition of Strontium Titanate. MRS Online Proceedings Library 718, 108 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-718-D10.8