Nature and Effect of the Alteration Layer During Nuclear Waste Glass Dissolution


The goal of this study is to understand the role of the interface developed during R7T7 glass alteration. This glass has been leached in two different aqueous media (pure water, silica rich water and phosphorous rich water). The lixiviation tests have been optimized to assess the role of the alteration layer developed on the surface of the glass. The solution and the solid have been characterized by ICP-MS and TEM/X-EDS respectively. The results put in evidence that a complex alteration layer is formed. Its texture, structure and chemistry are discussed with respect to the evolution of the solution during the tests. The alteration layer is always present on the surface of the glass and is considered to control (at short time) diffusion of the different species through the layer. Further study must be undertaken to assess the evolution and the stability of the interface for longer time periods.

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Gauthier, A., Le Coustumer, P. & Thomassin, J.H. Nature and Effect of the Alteration Layer During Nuclear Waste Glass Dissolution. MRS Online Proceedings Library 713, 134 (2001).

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