Ion Irradiation Effects in Synthetic Garnets Incorporating Actinides

Abstract

Radiation durability of garnet [A3B2(XO4) 3; Ia3d; Z=8] has been examined by 1.0 MeV Kr2+ irradiation with in situ transmission electron microscopy over the temperature range of 50 to 1070 K. The targets were five synthetic garnets incorporating various contents of actinides and andradite, Ca3Fe2Si3O12. The synthetic garnets were silicates (N series) and ferrate-aluminate series (G series).

The critical amorphization temperatures (Tc), above which amorphization does not occur, were determined to be 1050 K for N77, 1130 K for N56, 1100 K for G3, 890 K for G4 and 1030 K for andradite. Tc of the synthetic garnets increased as the average atomic mass of the garnet increased. The maximum transferred energy by ballistic interaction was positively correlated to the atomic mass. The larger cascade size that formed due to the larger Emax might lead to the higher Tc.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    A. E. Ringwood, S. E. Kesson, N. G. Ware, W. Hibberson, A. Major, Nature 278, 219 (1979).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    R. C. Ewing, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 3432 (1999).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    W. J. Weber, R. C. Ewing, L. M. Wang, J. Mater. Res. 9, 688 (1994).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    R. C. Ewing, A. Meldrum, L. M. Wang, S. X. Wang, Rev. in Miner. Gechem. 39, 319 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    W. J. Weber, R. C. Ewing, C. R. A. Catlow, Rubia T. Diaz de la, L. W. Hobbs, C. Kinoshita, Matzke Hj., A. T. Motta, M. Nastasi, Salje E. K. H., E. R. Vance, S. J. Zinkle, J. Mater. Res. 13, 1434 (1998).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    B. E. Burakov, E. B. anderson, D. A. Knecht, M. A. Zamoryanskaya, E. E. Strykanova, M. A. Yagovkina, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 556, 55 (1999).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    B. E. Burakov, E. B. anderson, D. A. Knecht, M. A. Zamoryanskaya, M. A. Petrova, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 608, 419 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    S. V. Yudintsev, M. I. Lapina, A. G. Ptashkin, T. V. Ioudintseva, S. Utsunomiya, L. M. Wang, R. C. Ewing, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (2001) Submitted.

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    L. M. Wang, R. K. Eby, J. Janeczek, R. C. Ewing, Nucl. Instrum. and Meth. B 59/60, 395 (1991).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    R. K. Eby, R. C. Ewing, R. C. Birtcher, J. Mater. Res. 7, 3080 (1992).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    S. X. Wang, L. M. Wang, R. C. Ewing, R. H. Doremus, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 238, 198 (1998).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Y. C. Kang, I. W. Lenggoro, S. B. Park, K. Okuyama, Mater. Res. Bull. 35, 789 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    S. Utsunomiya, L. M. Wang, R. C. Ewing, Nucl. Instrum. and Meth. B (Submitted)

  14. 14.

    S. X. Wang, L. M. Wang, R. C. Ewing, Phys. Rev. B 63, 024105-1 (2001).

  15. 15.

    Meldrum, S. J. Zinkle, L. A. Boatner, R. C. Ewing, Phys. Rev. B 56, 13, 805 (1997).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Satoshi Utsunomiya.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Utsunomiya, S., Wang, LM., Yudintsev, S. et al. Ion Irradiation Effects in Synthetic Garnets Incorporating Actinides. MRS Online Proceedings Library 713, 1131 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-713-JJ11.31

Download citation