Effects of hydrogen sulfide on the structure of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were studied using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). The CNTs were synthesized with an iron thin-film catalyst by microwave plasma-assisted CVD on the diamond substrate. The HRTEM images revealed that essentially all of the CNTs obtained in this study were multiwall (MWCNT). The addition of H2S resulted in nanotubes with split skins as cornhusks and/or frills. Electron energy loss spectra of the cornhusks indicated that they consist of sp2, sp3 and amorphous carbon phase. The spectra revealed that the sp3 to sp2 ratio at the points where cornhusks divide from the main stem was more than that at the edge of the cornhusks. No evidence of sulfur incorporation into the MWCNTs grown with the H2S addition was found. We speculate that the chemical nature of sulfur on the CNT growth yields such anomalous structure.
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Mitsui, T., Sekiguchi, T., Nishitani-Gamo, M. et al. Structure of Frilled Carbon Nanowires Synthesized by Sulfur-assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition. MRS Online Proceedings Library 706, 3101 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-706-Z3.10.1