Stoichiometric FePt nanoparticles with sizes in the range 3 - 6 nm were prepared in the gas-phase and thermally sintered prior to deposition. Whereas unsintered particles exhibit irregular shapes and a low degree of crystallinity, the majority of the sintered particles are multiply twinned and have predominantly icosahedral structure. There is no indication for the occurance of L10 ordering in the gas-phase sintered particles, although previous post-deposition annealing experiments of unsintered particles had shown the occurrence of partial formation of the L10 FePt intermetallic phase. On the other hand, analysis of the structural data obtained from (high resolution) electron microscopy shows that the relative amount of icosahedral particles increases with increasing sintering temperature. This result is discussed on the basis of a structure model of an irregular icosahedron, which is built up from distorted tetrahedral building blocks. The distortion in each tetrahedron is in accordance with the tetragonally compressed unit cell of the L10-phase.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
D. Weller, A. Moser, L. Folks, M.E. Best, W. Lee, M.F. Toney, M. Schwickert, J.-U. Thiele, and M.F. Doerner, IEEE Trans. Mag. 36, 10–15 (2000).
S.H. Wang, O. Feng and Y.-Q. Gao, Acta Mater. 46, 6485–6495 (1998).
J.-U. Thiele, L. Folks, M.F. Toney, and D. Weller, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 5686–5692 (1998)
M.R. Visokey and R. Sinclair, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1692–1694 (1995).
S. Sun, C.B. Murray, D. Weller, L. Folks, and A. Moser, Science 287, 1989–1992 (2000).
The targets have been prepared by U. Brüx and Prof. Dr. G. Frommeyer at the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung
S. Ino, J. Phys. Soc. Jap. 21, 346–362 (1966); S. Ino, J. Phys. Soc. Jap. 22, 1365-1374 (1967).
J. Urban Cryst. Res. Technol. 33, 1009–1024 (1998).
See e.g.: C.L. Cleveland and U. Landman, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 7376–7396 (1991).
M.J. Yacamán, J.A. Ascencio, H.B. Liu, and J. Gadea-Torredey, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 19, 1091–1103 (2001); and references.
B. Rellinghaus, J. Kästner, T. Schneider, and E.F. Wassermann, Phys. Rev. B 51, 2983–2993 (1995-I).
About this article
Cite this article
Stappert, S., Rellinghaus, B., Acet, M. et al. Multiply Twinned Structures in Gas-Phase Sintered Stoichiometric FePt Nanoparticles. MRS Online Proceedings Library 704, 571 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-704-W5.7.1