Studies of Intersubband Transitions in Arrays of Bi Nanowire Samples Using Optical Transmission


This paper reports the fabrication of large diameter pores (> 150 nm) in anodic aumina that can be used to create wire arrays with significant surface effects, but without significant quantum confinement. These wires, therefore, allow us to distinguish between optica absorption spectra features originating from quantum effects and those from surface effects. The paper presents techniques towards fabricating these bismuth wire arrays, and presents optical absorption data from two bismuth nanowire arrays in the semimeta-semiconductor transition diameter regime. The results from previous publications are summarized and future directions are outlines.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. [1]

    Z. Zhang, X. Sun, M. S. Dresselhaus, J. Y. Ying, and J. Heremans, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4850–4861 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. [2]

    X. Sun, Z. Zhang, and M. S. Dresselhaus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 4005–4007 (1999).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. [3]

    M. R. Black, M. Padi, S. B. Cronin, Y.-M. Lin, O. Rabin, T. McClure, G. Dresselhaus, P. L. Hagelstein, and M. S. Dresselhaus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4142–4144 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. [4]

    O. Rabin, Y. Lin, S. Cronin, and M. S. Dresselhaus. to be published.

  5. [5]

    J. P. Sullivan and G. C. Wood, Proc. Roy Soc. Lond. A. 317, 511–543 (1970).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. [6]

    Feiyue Li, Lan Zhang, and Robert M. Metzger, Chem. Mater. 10, 2470–2480 (1998).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. [7]

    A. P. Li, F. Muller, A. Birner, K. Nielsch, and U. Gosele, Journal of Applied Physics 84, 6023–6026 (1998).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. [8]

    A. Jagminas, D. Bigelience, I. Mikulskas, and R. Tomasiunas, Journal of Crystal Growth 223, 591–598 (2001).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. [9]

    Hideki Masuda and Kenji Fukuda, Science 268, 1466–1468 (1995).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. [10]

    Y. Li, E. R. Holland, and P. R. Wilshaw, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B. 18, 994–996 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. [11]

    T. E. Huber, M. J. Graf, C. A. Foss Jr, and P. Constant, J. Mater Res. 15, 1816–1821 (2000).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. [12]

    Z. Zhang, J. Ying, and M. Dressehaus, J. Mater. Res. 13, 1745–1748 (1998).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. [13]

    S. B. Cronin, Y.-M. Lin, P. L. Gai, O. Rabin, M. R. Black, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus. In Anisotropic Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications: MRS Symposium Proceedings, Boston, December 2000, edited by S. Stranick, P. C. Searson, L. A. Lyon, and C. Keating, pages C571–C576, Materials Research Society Press, Pittsburgh, PA, 2001. pdf.

  14. [14]

    M. R. Black, Y. M. Lin, S. B. Cronin, O. Rabin, and M. S. Dresselhaus, unpublished.

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to M. R. Black.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Black, M.R., Maskaly, K.R., Rabin, O. et al. Studies of Intersubband Transitions in Arrays of Bi Nanowire Samples Using Optical Transmission. MRS Online Proceedings Library 703, 109 (2001).

Download citation