Surface structure and metal epitaxy: Ag/Cu(111)


We have investigated the growth of 3 ML (mono-layer) of Ag on Cu(111) for substrate temperatures from 170 through 640 K by using time of flight-impact collision ion scattering spectroscopy (TOF -ICISS). Two different types of epitaxial growth exist: Ag [112̄]//Cu[112̄](type-n) and Ag [1̄1̄2]//Cu[112̄] (type-r).The growth modes of the Ag thin films on Cu(111) surfaces depend strongly on the temperature during deposition with the Ag(111) planes having a preferred orientation of either type-n growth mode or type-r growth mode as a function of theCu substrate temperature. The experimental results concerning Ag/Cu(111) show many similarities to those in the previous study of Au/Ni(111). This would suggest that an observed oscillation in the growth mode, dependent on the substrate temperature during deposition may a general phenomenon on solid surfaces, in cases of large misfit since it has now been seen for both Au/Ni(111) and Ag/Cu(111) systems.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    Robert Hull, J. Murray Gibson, David A. Smith, Initial stages ofepitaxial growth, MRS Symposia Proceedings no. 94 (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1987).

  2. 2.

    H. Brune, Surf. Sci. Rep. 31, 121 (1998).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    I. Meunier, G. Trèglia, J. M. Gray, B. Aufray, and B. Legrand, Phys. Rev. B 59, 10910 (1999)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    K. Umezawa, S. Nakanishi, M. Yoshimura, K. Ojima, K. Ueda, W. M. Gibson, Phys. Rev. B 63, 035402 (2001).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics 7th (Wiley, New York, 1996), p. 24.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    J. Jacobsen, L. P. Nielsen, F. Besenbacher, I. Stensgaard, E. Lægsgaard, T. Ramussen, K. W. Jacobsen, J. K. Nørskov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 489 (1995).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    E. Bauer, Surf. Sci. 7, 351 (1967).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    M. Foiles, Surf. Sci. 292, 5 (1993).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    K. Umezawa, S. Nakanishi, W. M. Gibson, Phys. Rev. B 57, 8842 (1998).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    K. Umezawa, S. Nakanishi, W. M. Gibson, Surf. Sci. 426, 225 (1999).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    J. W. Rabalais, Low Energy Ion-Surface Interactions (Wiley, New York, 1994).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kenji Umezawa.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Umezawa, K., Nakanishi, S. & Gibson, W.M. Surface structure and metal epitaxy: Ag/Cu(111). MRS Online Proceedings Library 648, 510 (2000).

Download citation