Poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) was grafted onto RF plasma treated PET films and onto SiO2 covered glass surfaces. PET films with various amounts of grafted PAA (0.4, 5, 11 and 19 μm/cm2) were immersed into a solution of collagen to allow for polyionic complex formation as a method for protein immobilization. It was found that the amount of complexed collagen was close to proportional to the amount of PAA. A closer investigation of the optical density of the PAA brushes close to the glass surface wa was performed using Reflectometric Inteference Spectroscopy. The supression of possibilities of extension and collaps of the brushes upon variation in pH is suggested to be caused by polyionic crosslinking between protonated collagen and deprotonated PAA. Such PAA-collagen surfaces with PAA concentrations lower that 10 μm/cm2 were shown to be suitable substrates for growth of human bladder smooth muscle cells.
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Hilborn, J., Gupta, B., Garamszegi, L. et al. Grafted Poly(acrylic acid) Brushes for Cell-Surface Interactions. MRS Online Proceedings Library 629, 41 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-629-FF4.1