Diamond Detectors for Alpha Monitoring in Corrosive Media for Nuclear Fuel Assembly Reprocessing

Abstract

Recent advances in the synthesis of diamond films led to the fabrication of new devices that enable the direct measurement of the alpha activity of a corrosive liquid source. Such devices can be directly immersed in radioactive liquid solutions for the in-situ and real time measurement of their alpha activity. We report here on the fabrication of diamond from the chemical vapour deposition (CVD) technique and its use for the monitoring of the alpha activity of a plutonium 239 radioactive source diluted in concentrated nitric acid. Tests have demonstrated the excellent reliability of the CVD diamond detectors, that would give great benefit to the monitoring of the nuclear fuel assembly re-processing, and in particular for corrosive wastes identification and treatment.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. [1]

    S.F. Kozlov, E.A. Konorova, M.I. Krapivi, V.A. Nadein, V.G. Yudina, IEEE Tran. Nucl. Sci., 24 (1977) 242

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. [2]

    E. Sevilliano and B. Wiliams, in Diamond Films and Technology, Vol. 8, N°2 (1998) MYU ( Tokyo)

    Google Scholar 

  3. [3]

    M. Franklin, A; Fry, K.K. Gan, S. Han, H. Kagan, S. Kanda, D. Kania, R. Kass, S.K. Kim, R. Malchow, F. Morrow, S. Olsen, W.F. Palmer, L.S. Pan, F. Sannes, S. Schnetzer, R. Stone, Y. Sugimoto, G.B. Thomson, C. White, S. Zhao, Nucl. Inst. Methods, A315, (1992) 39

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. [4]

    D.R. Kania, L.S. Pan, P. Bell, O.L. Landen, H. Kornblum, P. Pianetta, M.D. Perry, J. Appl. Phys., 65, (1990) 124

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. [5]

    F. Foulon, P. Bergonzo, A. Brambilla, C. Jany, B. Guizard, R.D. Marshall, MRS Soc. Symp. Proc. 487 (1998) 591

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. [6]

    P. Bergonzo, F. Foulon, R.D. Marshall, C. Jany, A. Brambilla, R.D. McKeag, R.B. Jackman, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., 45 (3), (1998) 370

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. [7]

    E.K. Souw, R.J. Meilunas, Nucl. Instr. And Meth., A400, (1997) 69–86

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. [8]

    Evaluated using TRIM Monte-Carlo code

  9. [9]

    C. Jany, P. Bergonzo, F. Foulon, A. Tardieu, A. Gicquel, (1998) Proc. of the 5th Int. Symp. on Diamond materials, 97-32, edited by J.L. Davidson W.D. Brown, A Gicquel., B.V. Spitsyn, J.C. Angus, Pennington, NJ: Electrochem. Soc., Inc., 208

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. [10]

    K. Hecht, Z. Phys., 77 1932) 235

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. [11]

    D. Tromson; P. Bergonzo; A. Brambilla; C. Mer; F. Foulon; V.N. Amosov, accepted for publication in J. Appl. Phys.

  12. [12]

    C. Hordequin, F. Foulon, W. Dulinski, R. Truchetta, G. Claus, A. Brambilla, P. Bergonzo, presented at the Nuclear Science Symposium, Seattle (1999), to be published in IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to P. Bergonzo.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Bergonzo, P., Foulon, F., Brambilla, A. et al. Diamond Detectors for Alpha Monitoring in Corrosive Media for Nuclear Fuel Assembly Reprocessing. MRS Online Proceedings Library 608, 511 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-608-511

Download citation