Pendeo-Epitaxial Growth and Characterization of GaN and Related Materials on 6H-SiC(0001) and Si(111) Substrates

Abstract

Discrete and coalesced monocrystalline GaN and AlxGa1−xN layers grown via Pendeoepitaxy (PE) [1] originated from side walls of GaN seed structures containing SiNx top masks have been grown via organometallic vapor phase deposition on GaN/AlN/6HSiC(0001) and GaN(0001)/AlN(0001)/3C-SiC(111)/Si(111) substrates. Scanning and transmission electron microscopies were used to evaluate the external microstructures and the distribution of dislocations, respectively. The dislocation densities in the PE grown films was reduced by at least five orders of magnitude relative to the initial GaN seed layers. Tilting in the coalesced GaN epilayers was observed via X-ray diffraction. A tilt of 0.2° was confined to areas of mask overgrowth; however, no tilting was observed in the material suspended above the SiC substrate. The strong, low-temperature PL band-edge peak at 3.45 eV with a FWHM of 17 meV was comparable to that observed in PE GaN films grown on 6H-SiC(0001). The band-edge in the GaN grown on AlN(0001)/SiC(111)Si(111) substrates was shifted to a lower energy by 10 meV, indicative of a greater tensile stress.

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Davis, R.F., Gehrke, T., Linthicum, K.J. et al. Pendeo-Epitaxial Growth and Characterization of GaN and Related Materials on 6H-SiC(0001) and Si(111) Substrates. MRS Online Proceedings Library 595, 21 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-595-F99W2.1

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