Synthesis and Characterization of Cluster-Assembled Carbon Films


Nanostructured carbon films have been grown by deposition of supersonic cluster beams. A novel pulsed microplasma cluster source allows to obtain cluster beams of high intensity and stability. Cluster growth and beam formation have been charaterized. Separation effects typical of supersonic expansions cause inhomogeneities of cluster distribution in the beam, depending on their masses. This effect, observed for the first time, has been carefully characterized. The deposited films have a low density porous structure based on nanometer-size grains. The coordination is essentially three-fold with a large number of defects. Film density, morphology and surface roughness can be controlled by varying the precursor cluster mass distribution. Applications of cluster-assembled carbon films will be presented.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    J. Robertson, Pure & Appl. Chem. 66, 1789 (1994)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    M.W. Geis, M.A. Tamor, in Encyclopedia of Applied Physics, vol. 5,VCH Publisher, 1993

  3. 3.

    B.F. Coll, J.E. Jaskie, J.L. Markham, E.P. Menu, A.A. Talin, P. von Allmen, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. vol. 498, 185 (1998)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    R.H. Baugham et al, Science 284, 1340 (1999)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    C. Niu, E.K. Sichel, R. Hoch, H. Tennent, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1480 (1997)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    P. Milani, S. Iannotta, Cluster Beam Deposition of Nanostructured Materials,Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1999

    Book  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    E. Barborini, P. Piseri, A.C. Ferrari, A. Li Bassi, C.E. Bottani, P. Milani, Chem. Phys.Lett. 300, 633 (1999).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    P. Milani, S. Iannotta, Cluster Beam Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials,Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1999

    Book  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    E. Barborini, P. Piseri, P. Milani, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 10, LI05 (1999)

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    A.-L. Barabasi, H.E. Stanley, Fractal Concepts in Surface Growth,Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1995

    Book  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    P. Piseri, P. Milani S. Iannotta, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc. 135, 23 (1996)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    D.T. Colbert et al, Science 266, 1218 (1994)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    J. Soederlund, et al Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2386 (1998)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    P. Piseri, A. Podestà, E. Barborini, P. Milani, J. Chem. Phys., submitted

  15. 15.

    J. Fernandez De La Mora, J. Rosell-Llompart, J. Chem. Phys. 91, 2603 (1989).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    D. Donadio et al Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 776 (1999)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    S.T. Mayer, R.W. Pekala, J.L. Kaschmitter, J. Electrochem. Soc. 140, 446 (1993)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    L. Diederich et al, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2662 (1999)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    A. C. Ferrari, et al, Europhys. Lett. 46, 245 (1999).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to P. Milani.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Milani, P., Piseri, P., Barborini, E. et al. Synthesis and Characterization of Cluster-Assembled Carbon Films. MRS Online Proceedings Library 593, 75–85 (1999).

Download citation