Multi-walled carbon nanotubes synthesized by the carbon arc in hydrogen gas have very thin core channels. We have measured resonance Raman scattering of some samples synthesized in different conditions, and have observed radial breathing mode (RBM) peaks from 200 to 500 cm−1. Resonance effect of each peak is similar to that of single-walled nanotube. However, the peak frequencies are about 5 % higher than those of single-walled nanotubes, which is probably due to the inter-layer interaction. Further, the highest RBM peak splits in three peaks. The result on the resonance effect and the zone-folding band calculation suggest that the thinnest core nanotube is (4,3) that have four candidates of second outer nanotubes. This suggests that the different outer nanotube gives different degree of the interlayer interaction.
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Kataura, H., Achiba, Y., Zhao, X. et al. Resonance Raman Scattering of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes. MRS Online Proceedings Library 593, 113–118 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-593-113