Infrared thermography is a non-destructive investigation technique, which is largely used because of the outstanding advantages that it is capable to provide in a variety of applications and especially for conservation purposes of historic monuments, where destructive sectioning is prohibited. In the present work, dual band infrared thermography (3–5.4 μm and 8–12 μpm) is used, to evaluate the humidity distribution by capillary rise in reference samples of porous materials in lab, in order to validate the examination of real scale material systems in situ. The combined study of vapor/moisture transport in prototypes simulating porous materials under controlled environmental conditions (Relative Humidity 60–80% & Temperature 25–40°C), provides interpretation tools to the investigation by IR Thermography of transport phenomena occurring at the masonry. The cross-investigation of consolidated porous stones and of repair mortars, in lab and in situ on historic monuments in Greece, permits to evaluate the performance of conservation materials, regarding their compatibility to the porous building stones on historic masonries. It is deduced that Infrared Thermography by recording thermal maps of the real surfaces under study provides information on the differential behavior of the various materials on the masonry scale regarding the water impregnation and evaporation phenomena, which control the weathering effects in porous media. Hence, infrared thermography might be used as a nondestructive technique to evaluate on a micro and macro scale the performance of conservation interventions and materials, in compatibility to the original materials on the level of the structures.
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Moropoulou, A., Avdelidis, N., Koui, M. et al. Dual Band Infrared Thermography as a NDT Tool for the Characterization of the Building Materials and Conservation Performance in Historic Structures. MRS Online Proceedings Library 591, 164–169 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-591-169