Gadolinium and lanthanum solubility limits in a sodium-alumino-borosilicate glass system were studied. As melting temperature increased from 1400°C to 1450°C, 1500°C and 1550°C, the solubility of gadolinium in the baseline glass 15B2O3-5Al2O3-20Na2O-60SiO2 (in molar composition) increased from 10.1 to 11.3, 12.2 and 13.1 (in mole percent of Gd2O3). The enthalpy change of Gd2O3 dissolution in this baseline glass is about 43.6 kJ/mol. Boron effect on lanthanum solubility was studied using the following baseline glasses: xB2O3-20Na2O- 5Al2O3-60SiO2, where x equals to 5, 10, 15, and 20, respectively. It was found that lanthanum solubility limit increased from 8.4 to 10.3, 12.5 and 14.9 (in mole percent of La2O3) as B2O3 increased from 5.1 to 9.5, 13.1 and 16.2 mol%. Gd2O. and La2O3 have similar solubility limits. Solubility limits of mixtures containing different ratios of Gd2O3 to La2O3 in the baseline glass 15B2O3-20Na2O-5Al2O3-60SiO2 were found insensitive to the ratio of La/Gd. As far as gadolinium is concerned, its solubility limit will decrease when other lanthanides are introduced.
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Li, L., Strachan, D.M., Davis, L.L. et al. Gadolinium Solubility Limits in Sodium-Alumino-Borosilicate Glasses. MRS Online Proceedings Library 556, 329 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-556-329